Esophagitis is an inflammation and swelling of the esophagus. Geraci et al. A.D.A.M., Inc. During the same period nine HIV-infected patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) esophagitis and one HIV-infected patient each with herpes simplex virus esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were also identified. Ten patients developed more than one cause of ulceration during long-term follow-up. J. The infection can be caused by viruses, including herpes and cytomegalovirus, and fungi or yeast, especially Candida infections.
Links to other sites are provided for information only — they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. PMID 19159174. ^ http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=4&hid=5&sid=f15ae0b5-79ab-4288-9025-3856e725b220%40sessionmgr4 ^ a b c d e f g h i j Khan AM, Hundal R, Ramaswamy V, Korsten M, Dhuper S (August 2004). “Acute esophageal necrosis and liver pathology, a rare combination”. World J. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed and revealed small erosion (6 mm) in the distal esophagus (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)). 10 (16): 2457–8.
PMID 15285044. ^ Watermeyer G, Shaw J, Krige J (2007). “Gastroentestinal: Acute necrotizing esophagitis”. Journal of Gastroeneterology & Hepatology 22 (7): 1162. Subsequent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) confirmed the diagnosis of HSE. PMID 17608863. ^ a b c d e f g h i Trappe R, Pohl H, Forberger A, Schindler R, Reinke P (2007).
“Acute esophageal necrosis (black esophagus) in the renal transplant recipient: manifestation of primary cytomegalovirus infection”. Transplant Infectious Disease 9 (1). ^ a b c d e f g Carneiro M, Lescano M, Romanello L, et al. Most symptomatic immunocompetent patients with HSE will present with an acute onset of esophageal complaints, but a subset of patients (24%) will present with a prodrome of symptoms, including odynophagia (76% of patients), fever (44%–63%), and respiratory manifestations (sore throath in 23%). “Acute Esophageal Necrosis”. Digestive Endoscopy 17 (1): 89–92. doi:10.1111/j.1443-1661.2005.00464.x.
^ Grudell A, Mueller P, Viggiano T (2007). “Black esophagus: report of six cases and review of the literature, 1963-2003”. Mucosal necrosis is seen in the late stage  (Table 2). doi:10.1111/j.1442-2050.2006.00549.x.