It has been reported that HHV-6 (human herpesvirus-6) DNA has been identified within the female genital tract. HHV-6 was directly isolated from the blood of 6 patients. Leach, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7811. Human herpesvirus 6 and Chlamydia pneumoniae as etiologic agents in multiple sclerosis – a critical review. Our aim was to prospectively study a large cohort of pregnant women for evidence of infection with HHV-6 and HHV-7 in the blood and genital tract and to study the prevalence and characteristics of HHV-6 and/ or HHV-7 at these sites at repeated points during pregnancy. Genital herpes is one of the most feared and misunderstood sexually transmitted infections (STIs, a.k.a. The women were divided into two groups: HHV-6 DNA-positive, and negative.
Here are 6 things you probably didn’t know about this virus (but should) in honor of STD Awareness Month. Three samples (10%) were consistently positive for HHV-6 DNA. This article illustrates the capacity of stealth viruses to capture, amplify, and mutate genes with potential oncogenic activity. To elucidate the roles of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 and -7 in pregnant women, peripheral blood samples and genital tract secretions were collected serially from pregnant women, and both serological testing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were carried out to detect viral DNA in the secretions. (We highly recommend doing this!) Maybe one of your partners has even told you they had genital herpes. The presence of HHV-6 DNA within the genital tract of pregnant women did not affect the health of their infants. In fact, of the 50 million men and women estimated to have genital herpes in the United States, over 80% are not aware that they have it.
That means if you are dealing with a new herpes diagnosis, you may not have any idea where it came from. Our focus will be on the ability of certain viruses to interfere subtly with the cell s ability to produce specific differentiated products as hormones, neurotransmitters, cytokines and immunoglobulins etc in the absence of their ability to lyse the cell they infect. Human herpesvirus 6 infection of the female genital tract. Regardless of whether or not you find the source, it’s important for you to tell your partners about it so they can get tested and protect themselves. 2. The iceberg is melting. Unlike other STIs (gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis) which continue to increase, genital herpes is actually not becoming more common.
Symptoms usually appear 2-6 weeks after chancre disappears. Moreover, HHV-6 is known to infect cells of the nervous system and immune system, organ systems with demonstrable abnormalities in CFS. In the world of herpes, we are not all created equal. Your likelihood of having herpes depends largely on your age, gender, and the gender of your sex partners. Since herpes is a lifelong infection, people over 40 years of age are more likely to have a positive blood test for herpes (1 in 4 people) than a teenager who hasn’t had as much time to become infected (1 in 100 teens). Like with many other STIs, women get the short end of the stick: 1 in 5 of us will be infected with herpes before age 50, while for men overall it’s about 1 in 9. Herpes family viruses include: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpes 6 virus (HHV-6), cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella zoster virus (VZV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 and HSV-2).
(Cell mediated immunity is paramount in controlling herpes virus infections. It takes two. Did you know there are actually two viruses that can cause genital herpes? One is called herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and the other is herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). You may have heard of HSV-1 because it typically causes cold sores on the mouth, but it can easily cause the same types of sores on your genitals or anus too. The Epstein-Barr virus is also known as human herpes virus 4 (HHV-4) and is one of the most commonly found viruses in humans. 5.
The culprit behind genital herpes is changing, and this may actually be good news. For those of us hoping for an effective vaccine, the failure of multiple herpes vaccine studies has been heartbreaking. An upside is that one of these studies revealed a surprising shift in the cause of genital herpes in young women. The study found that HSV-1 (the virus that usually causes oral herpes)was twice as likely to cause genital outbreaks as HSV-2. This information backs up another study among college-age women, which demonstrated that nearly 80% of genital herpes outbreaks were caused by HSV-1, not HSV-2. Although having a genital herpes outbreak isn’t fun for anyone, if the outbreak is caused by genital HSV-1, then it’s more likely to be a one-and-done situation. People who have a genital outbreak caused by HSV-1 are less likely to have multiple outbreaks, less likely to shed virus that could infect others, and actually get some protection against catching HSV-2 in their genitals in the future.
There’s your silver lining. 6. Herpes is not exactly forever. People always label herpes as the “incurable” STI. While technically this is true, most people who have herpes outbreaks do not suffer with them for the rest of their life. For people who get genital herpes (e.g., from HSV-2) outbreaks will usually be most frequent for the first two years after diagnosis, as is the chance of passing it on to someone else. After two years, most people are only shedding herpes virus on 2% of the days in a given year.
(That’s only 7 days out of 365.) You don’t know when those days will be, so condoms are still a good idea. Plus, there are multiple treatments that your health care provider can prescribe that can help prevent spreading herpes to someone else. The bottom line: While you can’t completely avoid herpes and other STIs, there’s a lot you can do to reduce your risk. First, get informed, get tested, then get out there and have fun!