At Lakeside Animal Hospital, we know the importance of vaccinating all pets to keep them safe, happy, and healthy. The more common vaccinations are those recommended by veterinarians to help prevent against dangerous and deadly feline diseases. We often stop recommending leukemia vaccination after 3 years old. Herpes virus and calicivirus cause upper respiratory signs and panleukopenia is the feline version of canine parvovirus, a deadly diarrhea-causing virus. Tips for the successful boarding of your cats Bring your pet’s blanket or bed or tuck in a t-shirt or sweatshirt you’ve been wearing. Our website makes use of non-invasive (no personal data) cookies to provide you with an enhanced user experience. Titer Tests Always work with your veterinarian to choose the best vaccination schedule for your new cat.
We customize our Mount Vernon pet vaccination protocols to the specific pet. A good example of noncore vaccines is Kennel Cough vaccine which is especially important if your dog comes in contact with other dogs, is boarded, or goes to the groomer. You do not need to have sexual intercourse to get herpes. The Rabies vaccine is one which is implicated as causing vaccine-associated sarcoma (VAS), and it is suspected that the adjuvant (carrier) used may be the culprit associated with this vaccine. Giving a vaccination to a sick animal is malpractice. It is boostered the following year and every three years thereafter. First de-worming, then first dose of vaccine after 1 week (10 days) of de-worming and then with interval of 2-3 weeks, second and third shots of vaccines are given to the cat.
Much like the FeLV virus, it can cause suppression of the immune system, life-threatening infections and certain cancers. It can also be spread by contact between cats. The virus is airborne and very contagious in susceptible animals. Feline Leukemia Vaccine is controversial in that the vaccine is extremely ineffective, especially when compared to the effectiveness of other vaccines. Boosters are given every three years to cats that are around other cats. Cats are required to have up to date rabies, Cat Flu and distemper vaccines. Under specific circumstances your veterinary surgeon may advise an alternative regime.
If you bring an adult dog or cat into your family, then we assist with booster shots and make sure your pets have up-to-date immunities against specific health risks. We have this vaccine available in the intranasal form and oral administration. My recommendation is that four years after adult vaccination, dogs and cats get yearly titers done. The core vaccines are considered essential for all cats (including indoor-only cats) because of the widespread and/or severe nature of the diseases being protected against. Non-core vaccines are only given to cats if there is genuine risk of exposure to the infection and if vaccination would provide good protection. Decisions regarding requirement for non-core vaccines may be based on the cat’s age, lifestyle and contact with other cats. You should always discuss with your vet what vaccines your own cat may require.
Feline panleucopenia virus (also known as feline parvovirus or feline infectious enteritis) is a severe and frequently fatal cause of haemorrhagic gastroenteritis. Outbreaks of infection with this virus are common and a high proportion of affected cats can die. Vaccination against this virus is highly effective and has a critical role in protecting cats against infection, especially as the virus is highly contagious. The virus can also survive for long periods in the environment so vaccination is the only real way to protect cats. Vaccines for feline herpes virus (FHV-1) and feline calicivirus (FCV) are always combined, as these two viruses together are the main causes of upper respiratory tract infections in cats (cat flu). Affected cats typically show sneezing, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, eye discharge, and mouth ulcers. Clinical signs vary from mild to extremely severe, and occasionally other complications may develop including viral pneumonia.
With FHV-1, even after the initial signs subside, most cats will remain permanently infected with the virus and some go on to develop recurrent eye infections or other signs. The vaccine does not prevent calicivirus from infecting a cat, but does lessen the severity of symptoms caused by the virus. Although vaccination does not always prevent infection with these viruses, it will help greatly in reducing the severity of disease if a vaccinated cat does become infected. Rabies is an important disease and although it is more common in dogs (and more commonly passed from dogs to humans than cats to humans) cats can be infected and can be a source of human infection. For these reasons, where rabies is present in a country or in a region, it is recommended that all cats should be vaccinated against this disease. Vaccination is very effective in preventing disease. FeLV is an important disease that can be spread through fighting, through mutual grooming, and through sharing of food/water bowls and litter trays.
Kittens may also acquire infections from the queen before birth. FeLV is an important disease, causing a wide variety of problems in persistently infected cats including immunosuppression, anaemia, and lymphoma. Most persistently infected cats will die as a result of their infection. It is spread in the feces. A number of FeLV vaccines are also available and are effective in protecting cats. If a bird is a carrier, then no vaccine will change that, and the bird will, in all likelyhood, remain healthy for life. It has also been strongly recommended that all kittens are vaccinated against FeLV on the basis that younger cats are more susceptible to this infection and it cannot usually be predicted what the risks for the cat would be as it grows up.
Chlamydophila felis is a type of bacteria that mainly causes conjunctivitis in cats. Young kittens in multicat households (e.g. breeding households) are most likely to be affected and there may also be mild upper respiratory signs. All young cats should be vaccinated with this vaccine. It is not as common as FHV-1 or FCV (see above), but can sometimes be a problem especially in stressed cats and cats from large colonies. The bacterium can also be an occasional cause of pneumonia in young kittens. Cats with Bordetella bronchispetica can be treated effectively with appropriate antibiotics, and vaccination is not required in most cats.
However, in colonies of cats with repeated outbreaks of disease, vaccination may play a role in helping protect cats. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) vaccination is available in some, but not all counties. This virus is quite common among cats, especially cats that go outdoors and are involved in fighting (infection is mainly spread through cat bites). There are many different strains of the FIV virus and it is not entirely clear as yet how well the available vaccine protects against all these different strains, but studies suggests that it is able to provide a valuable degree of protection for cats at risk of exposure. A potential problem is that vaccinated cats will also test positive on the routine tests used to detect FIV-infected cats, but newer diagnostic assays are becoming available that may overcome this problem. All kittens should receive their core vaccinations, and any others that are agreed between you and your vet. The initial vaccine course is often srated at 8-9 weeks of age, with a second injection 3-4 weeks later.
It is now common also to recommend a third vaccination (especially for FPV) at 16-20 weeks of age to ensure the kitten is properly protected. A first booster vaccination should be given 12 months later to ensure a good level of continuing protection. However, after that, the frequency of booster vaccinations may be only every 1-3 years depending on the vaccine, disease and risk of with the individual cat.