Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor invasion and metastasis and are overexpressed in Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) cells. spatiosum, Chrysanthemum indicum, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Chrysanthemum morifolium extract, Chrysanthemum multiflorum, Chrysanthemum parthenium, Chrysanthemum viscidehirtum, Chrysanthemum x morifolium Ramat, Chrysanthemum zawadskii cocineum, chrysin, cis-chrysanthenol, coflodiol, Compositae family, Dendranthema, dicaffeoylquinic acids, erythrodiol, faradiol, faradiol alpha-epoxide, flavonoids, feverfew, glucuronide, Indian standard series, jiangtangkang (Chinese), JTK, linarin, longispinogenin (Chinese), luteolin, maniladiol (Chinese), marguerite, oleananes, ox-eye daisy, parthenolide, PC-SPES®, pyrethrins, pyrethroids, pyrethrum, sesquiterpene lactones, sesquiterpenes, Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip, taraxastanes, uvaol, ursanes. Secondary aims were to evaluate tumor response, pharmacokinetics, and changes in blood levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Proper control of cell cycle progression is critical for the constant self-renewal, differentiation, and homeostasis of the hematopoietic system. WARNING: PC-SPES HAS BEEN RECALLED FROM THE U.S. MARKET AND SHOULD NOT BE USED. HIV primary infects and destroys the CD4 T-cells, which are white blood cells that help coordinate the immune system’s response to infection and disease.
Healthy individuals have a CD4 cell count between 600 and 1,200 per microliter of blood. HIV patients progress to AIDS when their CD4 cell counts drop to lower than 200 cells per microliter of blood. Individuals with a CD4 cell lower than 200 cells per microliter of blood have the greatest risk of developing opportunistic infections. HIV patients often suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms because they are vulnerable to bacterial, parasitic, and fungal infections. Gastrointestinal symptoms may also be side effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is used to suppress HIV. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not list chrysanthemum on its Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list.
Digestive enzymes in the saliva break down the food before it is swallowed. However, results are mixed and additional studies are needed before a firm recommendation can be made. Similar disturbances have also been reported following infections with herpesvirus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, gastroenteritis, Borna Disease virus and HIV. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below. Anesthetic (reduces pain), antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, cancer, Epstein-Barr virus, gout (foot inflammation), herpes simplex virus, HIV, hypertension (high blood pressure), immunomodulation, insecticide, migraine, molluscicide, mosquito repellent.
There is no proven effective dose for chrysanthemum in adults. Jiangtangkang (a chrysanthemum product) 8 grams, three times per day for six months has been used in the treatment of diabetes. Safety The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not strictly regulate herbs and supplements. Urs Meyer, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, presented an overview of the use of animal models of immune activation, focusing on prenatal immune activation. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.
Consult a healthcare provider immediately if you experience side effects. Take as much as a penknife will contain three times a day. There are numerous case reports and studies showing that allergies to chrysanthemum are very common, and chrysanthemum may be the strongest sensitizer of the cultivated Compositae plants, with an estimated 60% of Europeans being allergic. N. Occupational exposure is associated with allergy.  Recently the EPA added butyl lactate to the list of exempt solvents. Consult a healthcare provider immediately if you experience side effects.
Chrysanthemum is likely safe when pesticide- and preservative-free flowers are used in food amounts. There is a lack of information about its use medicinally for any indication. What exactly to they do not cause frequent outbreaks solicitously the first week or so I’ve been in LA stop breathing? Poisoning from pyrethrins can occur, and is usually due to accidental or intentional ingestion, but may also be caused by chronic exposure. Adverse effects are related to toxicity in the nervous system. There is no known antidote for pyrethrin and pyrethroid poisoning; treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Two deaths from acute asthma have been attributed to pyrethrins.
Avoid large acute or chronic doses of ingested pyrethrin. Also avoid pyrethrin in patients with compromised liver function, epilepsy, asthma, or who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Use chrysanthemum cautiously in patients taking medication for gout (foot inflammation), cancer, or HIV. Use cautiously in patients with compromised immune systems or taking immunomodulators. Avoid in patients with photosensitivity or taking photosensitizers. Chrysanthemum may have anesthetizing (pain numbing), antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity. Caution is advised in patients taking agents with similar effects due to potential additive effects.
Chrysanthemum may inhibit certain enzymes that play a role in gout (foot inflammation). Use cautiously with medications that treat gout. Chrysanthemum may have anti-HIV activity. Physiol. Chrysanthemum may also interact with immunosuppressants. In another embodiment, the phytochemical combination comprises capsicum, tannic acid, clove oil, garlic and menthol. Although there is a lack of information in humans, caution is advised in patients taking herpes agents.
The chrysanthemum product jiangtangkang may improve fasting blood glucose (sugar) and post-meal blood glucose and increase sensitivity to insulin in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes. Patients enrolled only into the two lower dose cohorts (0.5 and 1.5 microg/kg/day). Chrysanthemum may cause photosensitization and may cause hyperpigmentation, skin inflammation, or make a patient more sensitive to laser treatment. The median time on treatment was only 7.4 and 8.4 weeks for the 0.5 and 1.5 microg/kg/day dose levels, respectively. There was significant neutropenia, with 6 patients having grade 3 or greater toxicity requiring granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Caution is advised in patients taking agents with similar effects due to potential additive effects. Chrysanthemum may inhibit certain enzymes that play a role in gout (foot inflammation).
In general, positive results occur only when Saccharomyces boulardii is continued for several days to several weeks after the course of antibiotics is stopped. Duplication of these results should be attempted to confirm these findings. Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to yeast, Saccharomyces boulardii, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, or other species in the Saccharomycetaceae family. Use cautiously in immunocompromised or critically ill patients. Use cautiously with indwelling central venous catheters, colitis, cancer, or constipation. Use cautiously in the elderly, in individuals undergoing chemotherapy, and in infants. The chrysanthemum product jiangtangkang may improve fasting blood glucose (sugar) and post-meal blood glucose and increase sensitivity to insulin in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes.
Although there is conflicting evidence in this area, caution is advised in patients taking agents for diabetes or hypoglycemia (high or low blood sugar). Avoid if pregnant or breastfeeding. Use cautiously with herbs and supplements with similar effects. Conclusions Accumulating evidence indicates that immune activation during various medical conditions is associated with a depressive syndrome in both humans and experimental animals. Antioxidant activities of extracts from five anti-viral medicinal plants. J Ethnopharmacol 1-4-2005;96(1-2):201-205. Groenewoud GC, de Groot H, van Wijk RG.
Impact of occupational and inhalant allergy on rhinitis-specific quality of life in employees of bell pepper greenhouses in the Netherlands. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2006;96(1):92-97. Hadis M, Lulu M, Mekonnen Y, et al. Field trials on the repellent activity of four plant products against mainly Mansonia population in western Ethiopia. Phytother Res 2003;17(3):202-205. Hussain Z, Waheed A, Qureshi RA, et al. The effect of medicinal plants of Islamabad and Murree region of Pakistan on insulin secretion from INS-1 cells.
Phytother Res 2004;18(1):73-77. Jovanovic M, Poljacki M. When pure, it is a colorless, transparent, oily liquid with a penetrating odor and characteristic taste. Med Pregl. 2003;56(1-2):43-49. Kim HJ, Lee YS. tritici, Sclerophthora macrospora), and the like.
Planta Med 2005;71(9):871-876. Kim KJ, Kim YH, Yu HH, et al. Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of essential oil of Chrysanthemum boreale. Planta Med. 2003;69(3):274-277. Lee JR, Yang MS, Lee J, et al. New guaianolides from leaves and stems of Chrysanthemum boreale.
Planta Med. 2003;69(9):880-882. Lee JS, Kim HJ, Lee YS. A new anti-HIV flavonoid glucuronide from Chrysanthemum morifolium. Planta Med. 2003;69(9):859-861. Li LP, Jiang HD.
Determination and assay validation of luteolin and apigenin in human urine after oral administration of tablet of Chrysanthemum morifolium extract by HPLC. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 4-11-2006;41(1):261-265. Macan J, Varnai VM, Turk R. For optical imaging in Example 43 camera Veho Discovery VMS-001, x30-30 was used, for thermographic imaging infrared camera T-335 (FLIR, USA) with FLIR QuickPlot software was used. Arh.Hig.Rada Toksikol. One aspect of the present invention, therefore, provides paint and coating compositions, especially a marine paint for the anti-fouling treatment of the submerged portion of the hull of a ship or boat, water intake and discharge systems for reservoirs and nuclear power plants, comprising an environmentally friendly anti-fouling additive in the form of at least one phytochemical and menthol.
Proudfoot AT. Poisoning due to pyrethrins. HIV infection results in formidable immune dysfunction, widely affecting the immune system, but typified by T lymphopenia. Rayman RB. Effective control of HIV replication by highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) results in regeneration of the damaged immune system, and recent advances have allowed this immune reconstitution to be better defined. This article describes the immunodeficiency caused by HIV and the response of the immune system to HAART, with specific reference to the immune response to cancers associated with HIV infection. Singh RP, Agrawal P, Yim D, et al.
Acacetin inhibits cell growth and cell cycle progression, and induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells: structure-activity relationship with linarin and linarin acetate. Use cautiously in glaucoma because lemon balm may increase eye pressure. Use caution when operating heavy machinery. Lemon balm preparations may contain trace amounts of lead. Avoid if pregnant or breastfeeding. Peppermint: Peppermint (Mentha piperita) oil has been shown to have antispasmodic effects and may improve irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms such as cramping and bloating. Several clinical trials have used enteric-coated peppermint oil in IBS or recurrent abdominal pain in children.
This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.