Due to constant skin-to-skin contact, infections of the skin are a common and unfortunate part of Jiu-Jitsu. Visual examination often suggests the diagnosis, but some lesions, like late-stage herpes, can mimic other conditions, like impetigo; laboratory studies therefore may be required. To review the evidence regarding treatment of herpes zoster (HZ) in the short-term, focusing on the prevention of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Wrestling mats, boxing rings and sports equipment like pads, headgear and gloves trap germs and contribute to the spread of infection. An environment very similar to the wrestling room. Athletes are encouraged to shower immediately after wrestling practice or competition. This guide will give you some general knowledge on these infections, and at the very least, will also help you understand and identify their signs and symptoms.
Disclaimer: This guide should not be used as a diagnosis, or in the place of a physician’s opinion. What you’ll read here is simply a gathering of commonly known, beneficial information that should be shared by wrestlers, parents, trainers, coaches, and anyone else involved in the wrestling community. If you or someone you know has some of the symptoms discussed in this guide and suspect an infection is present, talk to a coach first. He or she will help you through the process of diagnosing and treating any skin infection. In between herpes outbreaks, the virus lies dormant (as if it is hibernating or sleeping) in nerve cells. When contracted on the feet, this infection is known as “athlete’s foot.” On the groin area, it’s called “jock itch.” The name is misleading, because there is no actual “worm” involved. If you need more information or want to find out how the ingredients in Defense Soap can help treat and prevent skin diseases please contact us.
Tinea Corporis is actually a fungal infection and not a worm, as the name implies. Ringworm thrives in warm, moist areas and can be contracted from many sources, including but not limited to: Unclean locker rooms, clothing, showers, mats, and of course, skin-to-skin contact with infected individuals. Ringworm can also be found on some animals. Symptoms: Ringworm has a very distinctive appearance, and typically appears in the form of a ring-shaped, itchy rash that is slightly raised above the skin that surrounds it. Often times, your doctor will be able to identify ringworm with a quick examination of your skin. Sometimes, reddish or brownish bumps appear in addition to scaly, peeling skin. Top 6 natural homeopathic remedies for shingles and herpes, Top 6 homeopathic remedies and medicines for shingles and herpes zoster treatment.
Treatment: Most cases of ringworm are extremely minor and can be treated with over-the-counter, topical medications that are commonly used for fungal infections. Make sure to follow the directions of any medication exactly. Herpes simplex is another common infection and, just as ring worm, is an extremely contagious virus. Often times, your doctor will be able to identify ringworm with a quick examination of your skin. If your infection is strong, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed in addition to prescription topical medications. After a few days of treatment, ringworm becomes non-contagious, although it is still apparent on the skin. Fluid-filled blisters are characteristic of the herpes virus, and after a few days these blisters typically flatten out and become yellowish-brown scabs.
Herpes simplex (Simplexvirus) is a viral infection that can be classified into two separate categories: Type I and II. Medication, education and self-help treatment help to reduce symptoms and limit the number of herpes outbreaks. Type II is associated with genital herpes, and is virtually non-existent in Jiu-Jitsu. Both types of herpes can infect nearly any part of the body and are highly contagious. Staph infection is most commonly spread though skin to skin contact but can also be transmitted through sports equipment, work out areas, and unwashed towels and uniforms2, 4. It is possible for the virus to be transmitted even in the absence of sores and other symptoms. Herpes can also be present on mats and other types of equipment.
However, these sources are not as common. Impetigo is usually caused by one of these types of bacteria entering the body through a cut or animal/insect bite, or any other type of open sore. Fluid-filled blisters are characteristic of the herpes virus, and after a few days these blisters typically flatten out and become yellowish-brown scabs. While there is no cure for herpes, and the virus stays in the body forever, zinc is one trace mineral that has been clinically proven to kill the herpes virus and reduce healing time during outbreaks. Some individuals come down with flu-like symptoms just before an outbreak, experiencing fever, chills, swollen glands, headaches, etc. Identifying herpes is sometimes difficult if symptoms are not present. Bullous impetigo appears as damp red skin that resembles a burn that develops into a blister, filled with a clear or yellow fluid.
Treatment Herpes is one of the more serious types of skin infections. There are ways to treat it, but there is no actual cure for it. Once infected, the virus is always present in the body in an inactive state, known as “remission.” Herpes hides in cell bodies of nerves, but may become present at any time; this is known as an “outbreak.” Outbreaks occur when the immune system is weak – in times of intense stress or fatigue, or when skin damage or other illnesses occur. In severe cases, the infection may find its way into the bloodstream, causing other infections and health complications within the body. Again, there is currently no cure for herpes simplex. Since untreated herpes suffers will have more genital herpes outbreaks and more severe outbreaks, there is increased risks of not only spreading herpes to a partner, but also to other parts of the body. Depending on the opinion of the doctor, you will be urged not to participate in practice or competition until you have taken medication for about seven days and no new outbreaks have occurred.
About Impetigo: Impetigo is a bacterial infection that can be found nearly anywhere on the body, and is caused by one of two types of bacteria: Streptococcus (strep) or staphylococcus (staph). Tamara Spann, ATC, is a first year graduate student and recipient of the Hughston Athletic Training Fellowship in Columbus, Georgia. However, a break in the skin is not always needed to contract an infection. Impetigo typically begins as small clusters of red bumps that break open into a yellowish scab. This infection may be spread by skin-to-skin contact, or by using facilities and equipment (BJJ mats especially) where the bacterium is present. In recent years, the overuse of some types of antibiotics has been the cause of mutated forms of the staph bacteria. Symptoms When Impetigo appears on the skin, it typically starts as localized clusters of delicate, yellowish bumps that may increase in size and number.
There is not enough information available to decide at this point whether Zostavax may be beneficial in people younger than 60 years of age. When the blisters are popped, reddish sores are left on the skin, which will eventually crust over due to the fluid. Impetigo may cause flu-like symptoms such as headache, fever, fatigue, and also swollen glands. Treatment A physician can typically identify impetigo with a simple examination of the skin. Sometimes, extremely small samples of the skin are needed for a sure diagnosis. Most cases of impetigo can be treated with some topical, non-prescription antibacterial medications. For more serious cases, doctors will usually prescribe a combination of topical and oral antibiotics.
Typically after one or two days of treatment, the infection becomes non-contagious, with the sores disappearing in about a week of starting treatment. Washing with soap and water before medicating may help increase the effectiveness of the medication. The largest danger of not treating herpes is that you can pass herpes on to your sexual partner. This bacterium is commonly found in the bodies of a small percentage of individuals without harm. Staph usually enters the body through open wounds and hair follicles, but can sometimes cause infection without a break in the skin. In severe cases, the infection may find its way into the bloodstream, causing other infections and health complications within the body. Staph is almost always transmitted by skin-to-skin contact.
However, unclean facilities and equipment are also known causes for an infection. Symptoms Staph can show up in several different forms, but mainly starts as a small sore or boil. Typically, staph invades hair follicles and open wounds, but there have been cases reported where no open cut or wound was present. The back of the neck, underarms, groin, and the beard area in men are the most common areas where staph can be found. While many people with herpes never exhibit symptoms, when symptoms do occur they can be severe. Pus and drainage are also common. It can often spread quickly, and with this comes flu-like symptoms such as fever, sweats, and chills.
If left untreated, staph may cause pneumonia, and blood or bone infections. Treatment Depending on your symptoms, your physician may need samples of blood, urine, or skin for a diagnosis. Antibiotics are used to treat a staph infection. Depending on how early it is caught and how severe the case is, the type and strength of the drug(s) may vary. Typically, a combination of topical and oral antibiotics may be used. Abscesses may also need to be drained by a physician. Eye problems: Shingles that involve the eye are called ocular shingles or herpes zoster ophthalmicus.
In recent years, the overuse of some types of antibiotics has been the cause of mutated forms of the staph bacteria. Known as MRSA (Methicillian-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus), this type of infection is resistant to some forms of antibiotics. MRSA has been present in hospitals and health facilities for a number of years, but since has become a type of infection that is spread among the general community. MRSA is more difficult to treat than a typical staph infection, because there are fewer effective forms of antibiotics. Serious cases of MRSA are treated with intravenous antibiotics. Prevention is Key In any case, preventing a skin infection is much easier than treating one. If the right precautions are taken in monitoring one’s body and keeping it clean, infections shouldn’t be a cause for worry.
Skin infections should never deter you or you from participating in the great sport of Jiu-Jitsu, especially if you have the right knowledge and preparation.