Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also called sexually transmitted infections (STIs), affect people of all ages, backgrounds, and from all walks of life. Some STIs can be spread through any contact between the penis, vagina, mouth or anus—even if there is no penetration. STIs are infections that are passed on through sexual activity of any kind, including skin-to-skin contact. In women, symptoms often do not appear, but the disease can cause pelvic inflammation and a range of abdominal problems. Use a external (male) or internal (female) condom as a barrier to prevent transmission during vaginal or anal sex. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). African-Americans have three times the number of cases than whites.
Young women’s bodies are biologically more susceptible to STIs. The decision to have sex is a very important one, and there are a lot of things to think about. Many people may not have symptoms of an STI but are still able to spread an infection. STIs usually are spread through sex – vaginal, oral or anal. It is important to practice safer sex with all partners, especially if you or they have high-risk sexual behaviors. It is a bacterial infection that can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system, making it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant later on. Treatment: There is no curative treatment but antiviral drug therapy can reduce the severity and likelihood of recurrent infections.
You can get a bacterial STI over and over again, even if it is one that you were treated for and cured of in the past. Sexually active teens and young adults: Ages 15 to 24 years old get almost half of all new STIs each year. Have the highest rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea. 1 in 6 people between the ages of 14-49 have genital herpes in the US. Presently, over 70 million people in the U.S. New HIV infections have increased in people ages 13 to 29. If you do have symptoms, they may appear right away, or they might not show up for weeks or even months.
Most health departments, family planning clinics, and STI clinics provide confidential services for the diagnosis and treatment of STIs. It can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. HIV infection is now diagnosed more frequently in heterosexuals than in gay men. In women, STIs can cause a serious infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes (reproductive organs) called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID may cause scar tissue that blocks the fallopian tubes, leading to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic abscess, or chronic pelvic pain. If you have symptoms of an STI or have been exposed to an STI whether by oral, anal, or vaginal sexual activity, check your symptoms to decide if and when you should see a doctor.