Cancer: Donor deferred permanently if malignant melanoma, leukemia, lymphoma, or Hodgkin’s disease. People who look completely healthy can still have HIV. The CDC states that men who have sex with men “account for more than half of the 1.2 million people living with HIV in the United States.” There’s no denying that sexually active homosexual men are more at risk for HIV/AIDS than “the average” person. This leaves out gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HPV. Most people who have it don’t get symptoms (or not that they recognise as herpes). Complications may include skin reactions beyond the vaccination site or general illness related to the vaccination. Hepatitis: Donors with a history of hepatitis or yellow jaundice are permanently deferred.
Pre-cum, semen, vaginal fluids, blood, and breast milk are the fluids that can transmit the virus. Each sample is reviewed and carefully screened for any infectious disease. Ask your doctor about this. Wait 8 weeks (56 days) from the date of the first skin lesion or sore. You should discuss your particular situation with the health historian at the time of donation. -Anyone with hemophilia or a similar blood clotting disease that has been treated by clotting factor concentrates. From certain blood tests: When the number of healthy immune system cells in an HIV positive person’s body drops to a certain low point, or when the amount of HIV in their blood reaches a certain high point (also called the “viral load”).
In many EU countries, men who have sex with men are allowed to donate blood if they have abstained from homosexual intercourse for a year. Learn more about variant CJD and blood donation. In almost all cases, medications will not disqualify you as a blood donor. Your eligibility will be based on the reason that the medication was prescribed. As long as the condition is under control and you are healthy, blood donation is usually permitted. Also, just like any other health problem, different people’s bodies respond differently to HIV. No.
You must weigh at least 110 lbs to be eligible for blood donation for your own safety. Students who donate at high school drives and donors 18 years of age or younger must also meet additional height and weight requirements for whole blood donation (applies to girls shorter than 5’6″ and boys shorter than 5′). Blood volume is determined by body weight and height. Individuals with low blood volumes may not tolerate the removal of the required volume of blood given with whole blood donation. Medications are available, however, that greatly reduce the chance of an HIV positive mother passing HIV to her baby. You can discuss any upper weight limitations of beds and lounges with your local health historian. If you have a history of bleeding problems, you will be asked additional questions.
If your blood does not clot normally, you should not donate since you may have excessive bleeding where the needle was placed. For the same reason, if you are taking any “blood thinner” (such as Coumadin (warfarin), heparin, Pradaxa (dabigatran), Xarelto (rivaoxaban) or Lovenox (enoxaparin)) you should not donate. If you are on aspirin, it is OK to donate whole blood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that one in five people who are HIV positive don’t know it. Donors with clotting disorder from Factor V who are not on anticoagulants are eligible to donate; however, all others must be evaluated by the health historian at the collection center. High Blood Pressure – Acceptable as long as your blood pressure is below 180 systolic (first number) and below 100 diastolic (second number) at the time of donation. Medications for high blood pressure do not disqualify you from donating.
Eligibility depends on the type of cancer and treatment history. If you had leukemia or lymphoma, including Hodgkin’s Disease and other cancers of the blood, you are not eligible to donate. In addition, if someone with HIV is also infected with another STD, he or she is more likely to transmit the virus through sexual contact. Precancerous conditions of the uterine cervix do not disqualify you from donation if the abnormality has been treated successfully. You should discuss your particular situation with the health historian at the time of donation. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) If you ever received a dura mater (brain covering) transplant or human pituitary growth hormone, you are not eligible to donate. Those who have a blood relative who had Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease are also not eligible to donate.
Learn more about CJD. If you do use needles don’t share them. If you have a pacemaker, you may donate as long as your pulse is between 50 and 100 beats per minute with no more than a small number of irregular beats, and you meet the other heart disease criteria. You should discuss your particular situation with your personal healthcare provider and the health historian at the time of donation. Acceptable if you have a heart murmur as long as you have been medically evaluated and treated and have not had symptoms in the last 6 months, and have no restrictions on your normal daily activities. American Red Cross does not accept individuals with hemochromatosis as blood donors for other persons at this time. However, a pilot program for hemochromatosis donors has been completed and is being evaluated for possible system wide implementation.
For someone who is HIV positive, it is important to know as soon as possible so you can work with your doctor to determine the best treatment for you. This includes those who had hepatitis with Cytomegalovirus (CMV), or Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), the virus that causes Mononucleosis. Persons who have been detained or incarcerated in a facility (juvenile detention, lockup, jail, or prison) for more than 72 consecutive hours (3 days) are deferred for 12 months from the date of last occurrence. This includes work release programs and weekend incarceration. These persons are at higher risk for exposure to infectious diseases. You should not give blood if you have AIDS or have ever had a positive HIV test, or if you have done something that puts you at risk for becoming infected with HIV. Most HIV tests check for antibodies that the body produces once infected with HIV.
Blood donations are not tested for malaria because there is no sensitive blood test available for malaria. Acceptable as long as the skin over the vein to be used to collect blood is not affected. If the skin disease has become infected, wait until the infection has cleared before donating. Taking antibiotics to control acne does not disqualify you from donating. If you have active tuberculosis or are being treated for active tuberculosis you should not donate. Therefore, it is important to get tested (or re-tested) after a sufficient period of time has passed to know for sure. If you are being treated for a tuberculosis infection, wait until treatment is successfully completed before donating.
Wait 12 months after receiving any type of organ transplant from another person. If you ever received a dura mater (brain covering) transplant, you are not eligible to donate. This requirement is related to concerns about the brain disease, Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease (CJD). Learn more about CJD and blood donation. Your HIV test results are confidential. Evaluation is on a case by case basis. You should discuss your particular situation with the health historian at the time of donation.
The top priorities of the American Red Cross are the safety of our volunteer blood donors and the ultimate recipients of blood. On June 11, 2010, the Department of Health and Human Services Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability voted against recommending a change to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policy of a lifetime deferral for men who have sex with other men. The FDA is responsible for determining donor eligibility requirements and the Red Cross is required to follow their decisions. Home HIV finger prick tests, which you can purchase in a drug store or online, are also anonymous. We will continue to work through the AABB (American Association of Blood Banks) to press for donor deferral policies that are fair and consistent and based on scientific evidence, while still protecting patients from potential harm. Those who have ever used IV drugs that were not prescribed by a physician are not eligible to donate. This requirement is related to concerns about hepatitis and HIV.
Learn more about hepatitis and blood donation. Wait 12 months if there is any question whether or not the instruments used were sterile and free of blood contamination. This kind of testing is why the blood supply of the United States and other developed countries is so safe. Learn more about hepatitis and blood donation. A tattoo is acceptable if the tattoo was applied by a state-regulated entity using sterile needles and ink that is not reused. Cosmetic tattoos applied in a licensed establishment in a regulated state using sterile needles and ink that is not reused is acceptable. You should discuss your particular situation with the health historian at the time of donation.