Health Services / Roseola

Health Services / Roseola

Roseola is also known as roseola infantum. Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) A and B were detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood, respectively, upon ataxia onset. And given the number of google searches Mommy FTW is getting about roseola, I’d say there’s plenty of it going around! Two common, closely related viruses can cause roseola, human herpesvirus (HHV) type 6 and type 7. High fever can cause complications. She didn’t have time to pursue HHV-6 in regards to autism, but thought we should be made aware of the theory. Some doctor’s may prescribe the antiviral medication ganciclovir (Cytovene®) for patients with weak immune systems.

The nucleotide sequence identity between the two variants ranges from 75 to 95 percent depending upon which gene is compared. Like the herpes and chickenpox viruses, the roseola virus persists in the body and may reactivate, in a similar way to shingles. The fever ends suddenly. Most rashes that occur while taking an OTC drug are viral rashes. And this same kid, after being taught sign language, used the “more” and “crackers” signs almost nonstop. 19th ed. The rash usually starts on the chest, back and abdomen and then spreads to the neck and arms.

S. Use the tips in this article to help keep your family healthy all year round. When the fever subsides, the baby will develop a severe reddish or pinkish rash. However, usually by the time you notice your child’s high temperature, the threat of a possible seizure has already passed. If your child does have an unexplained seizure, seek medical care immediately. There is likely to be a sudden rise in temperature, generally between 39 and 41 degrees Celsius (between 102 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit). You may need monitoring for a possible infection that, for you, could be more severe than it is for a child.

There’s no specific treatment for roseola. Like other herpes viruses, HHV-6 then remains latent in most patients who are immunocompetent. It is contagious, whether or not the child has a rash. He smiled and nodded, and was about to say something else when the lady from the lab came back and said everything was settled. Febrile seizure: A febrile seizure occurs when an infant or young child develops a seizure or convulsions when he/she has a fever higher than 102 °F. Older infants are at greatest risk of acquiring roseola because they haven’t had time yet to develop their own antibodies against many viruses. Repeat cases of roseola may occur, but they are not common.

But this immunity fades with time. The most common age for a child to contract roseola is between 6 and 15 months. Remarkably, none of my daughter’s playgroup mates contracted the virus. © 1997- 2008 A.D.A.M., Inc. He or she may also lose bladder or bowel control temporarily. Roseola is of greater concern in people whose immune systems are compromised, such as those who have recently received a bone marrow or organ transplant. They may contract a new case of roseola — or a previous infection may come back while their immune system is weakened.

If your child develops the above mentioned symptoms it is best to seek medical advice. Make an appointment with your child’s doctor if your child has a rash that doesn’t improve after a few days, or if your child has a fever that lasts more than a week or exceeds 103 F (39.4 C). Information to gather in advance List your child’s signs and symptoms, and note how long your child has had them. If you have any concerns as a parent or carer, you must seek medical attention as soon as possible. List any possible sources of infection, such as other children who’ve recently had a high fever or a rash. Write down questions to ask your doctor. Most doctors will want to know if a child under two years old has a high fever.

Health Services / Roseola
Herbs are a way to strengthen and tone the body’s systems. You may be able to ease fever-related discomfort with a lukewarm sponge bath or cool compresses. Giving vitamin A supplements to children with measles has been shown to be beneficial, by decreasing the length and impact of the disease. Roseola can be difficult to diagnose because initial signs and symptoms are similar to those of other common childhood illnesses. If your child has a fever and it’s clear that no cold, ear infection, strep throat or other common condition is present, your doctor may wait to see if the characteristic rash of roseola appears. Your doctor may tell you to look for the rash while you treat your child’s fever at home. Most children recover fully from roseola within a week of the onset of the fever.

With your doctor’s advice, you can give your child over-the-counter medications to reduce fever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others). Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than 2, children and teenagers recovering form chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is because aspirin has been linked to Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, in such children. There’s no specific treatment for roseola, although some doctors may prescribe the antiviral medication ganciclovir (Cytovene) to treat the infection in people with weakened immunity. Antibiotics aren’t effective in treating viral illnesses, such as roseola. Because there’s no vaccine to prevent roseola, the best you can do to prevent the spread of roseola is to avoid exposing your child to an infected child.

If your child is sick with roseola, keep him or her home and away from other children until the fever has broken. Most people have antibodies to roseola by the time they’re of school age, making them immune to a second infection. Even so, if one household member contracts the virus, make sure that all family members wash their hands frequently to prevent spread of the virus to anyone who isn’t immune. Adults who never contracted roseola as children can become infected later in life, though the disease tends to be mild in healthy adults. However, infected adults can pass the virus on to children. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Let your child rest in bed until the fever disappears.

Unclear or conflicting scientific evidence: Alizarin: Limited available evidence suggests that alizarin may be of benefit in the treatment of viral infections. Encourage your child to drink clear fluids, such as water, ginger ale, lemon-lime soda, clear broth, or an electrolyte solution (Pedialyte, Rehydralyte, others) or sports drinks, such as Gatorade and Powerade, to prevent dehydration. Remove the gas bubbles from carbonated fluids. You can do this by letting the carbonated beverage stand or by shaking, pouring or stirring the beverage. Removing the carbonation will mean having your child avoid the added discomfort of excess burping or intestinal gas that carbonated beverages may cause. Sponge baths. A lukewarm sponge bath or a cool washcloth applied to your child’s head can soothe the discomfort of a fever.

However, avoid using ice, cold water, fans or cold baths. These may give the child unwanted chills. Roseola will likely keep your child home for a few days. When staying home with your child, plan low-key activities that you both will enjoy. If your child is sick and you need to return to work, recruit help from your partner or from other relatives and friends. Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics.

19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/208746819-6/0/1608/0.html. Accessed March 8, 2012. Habif TP. Avoid large doses of sorrel because there have been reports of toxicity and death. 5th ed.

Edinburgh, U.K.; New York, N.Y.: Mosby Elsevier; 2010. http://www.mdconsult.com/books/about.do?about=true&eid=4-u1.0-B978-0-7234-3541-9..X0001-6–TOP&isbn=978-0-7234-3541. Accessed March 8, 2012. Ferri FF. Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2012: 5 Books in 1. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2012. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/178982054-11/941383690/2088/578.html#4-u1.0-B978-0-323-05609-0..00027-7–sc0135_11835.

Accessed March 8, 2012.

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