Incurable non-fatal infectious diseases?

Incurable non-fatal infectious diseases?

The World Health Organization has released data about how many people around the globe have herpes simplex – the type 1 virus that produces cold sores or the type 2 virus that can cause genital or anal sores. There are two forms of the herpes virus and both are most often transmitted without symptoms, but for those stuck with the lifelong infection, painful and embarrassing sores can be recurring. Garlic, on the other hand is effective against viruses. Ms Halil, echoed those concerns. Even so, many people who have herpes — oral or genital — don’t know it and never will, says Dr. posted by 256 to Health & Fitness (21 answers total) 3 users marked this as a favorite Any of the herpes really. “But there’s basically no way to avoid getting herpes short of avoiding sex altogether,” the article stated.

The UN health agency noted that in high-income countries, fewer children are becoming infected with HSV-1 due to better hygiene and living conditions, but are thus more susceptible to becoming infected with the virus once they become sexually active. For 24 hours the herpes will disappear. Majority of men over the age of 40 have NEVER had an STI test, new survey reveals 81% of married men over 40 have never had STI test, new figures show 86% of single men of the same age have never been screened Fifth of those who had been tested, were screened more than 3 years ago The majority of older men have never had an STI test, a new survey has revealed. It doesn’t kill most people, though it certainly can. posted by SLC Mom at 7:49 AM on June 15, 2014Lyme disease? posted by St. Peepsburg at 8:00 AM on June 15, 2014Mono.

Note: Herpes is considered “incurable,” meaning that once you are infected, the virus remains in the body, hidden deep in the nerve cells. If you live in England, the National Chlamydia Screening Programme offers testing for young people under 25 at various locations around the country and depending where you live, you may also be able to get a free home testing kit. posted by bessiemae at 8:08 AM on June 15, 2014Leprosy? posted by McCoy Pauley at 8:09 AM on June 15, 2014HPV (And HIV still is fatal all over the world, just much less so in North America these days. I went to a lot of funerals back in the 90s.) posted by feckless fecal fear mongering at 8:10 AM on June 15, 2014 [3 favorites] Toxoplasmosis. posted by dr. boludo at 8:11 AM on June 15, 2014Both leprosy and malaria are curable.

They can be passed on through unprotected (without a condom) vaginal, anal or oral sex, by genital contact and through sharing sex toys – whether you’ve had sex once or 100 times. So maybe look into antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus and the like? posted by shelleycat at 8:35 AM on June 15, 2014 [1 favorite]Dengue fever. I know a woman who got it over 20 years ago, and still has to take powerful medal one day a week, to combat what would otherwise cause issues. The meds are such that she is incapacitated for the day when she takes them. posted by dbmcd at 8:56 AM on June 15, 2014HIV can turn into AIDS and still be fatal. Hep C has a cure now, it’s monsterously expensive, but it’s there.
Incurable non-fatal infectious diseases?

posted by Ruthless Bunny at 9:21 AM on June 15, 2014My father had Dengue Fever and has no residual side effects or medication necessary at all. It’s a virus and there’s no treatment as such, just symptom management while your immune system sorts it out. After effects probably depends on the exact strain (there are different types), but it’s not automatically a life sentence. posted by shelleycat at 10:12 AM on June 15, 2014Tuberculosis. TB is theoretically curable, except for the many strains which aren’t. A healthy person usually is symptom free for many years, especially with treatment, but when their immune system gets weakened the infection takes over. posted by Jane the Brown at 10:16 AM on June 15, 2014It would be helpful if you could clarify whether you are using contagious disease in the dictionary sense of infectious diseases that can be transmitted by ordinary physical contact with other infected humans and do not require vector species such as mosquitos.

posted by drlith at 3:03 PM on June 15, 2014Hmm, hadn’t realized leprosy was now curable. I blame my ignorance on early exposure to Stephen R. Donaldson. posted by McCoy Pauley at 3:12 PM on June 15, 2014 [4 favorites]There are hundreds of members in the herpesviridae, some of which were probably permanently incorporated into our species’ DNA at one point or another. A few still give us problems, epstein-barr virus (“infectious mononucleosis”) herpes simplex, herpes zoster (chickenpox and shingles). Similarly there are two main culprits in the polyomaviridae family, the BK (kidneys) and JC (brain) virus with probably more that are undiscovered. Those only seem to cause problems in near-fatal impairment of the immune system but prevalence seems to be nearly universal.

Executive summary: herpesviridae, polyomaviridae. posted by hobo gitano de queretaro at 4:17 PM on June 15, 2014 [6 favorites] Toxoplasmosis is a good recommendation, also Chagas disease if you don’t catch it early. posted by juliapangolin at 7:47 PM on June 15, 2014Valley fever sometimes is cured, sometimes goes into remission. I only vaguely know how it works in animals and not at all in people. posted by fiercekitten at 9:17 PM on June 15, 2014Someone mentioned HPV but I want to remind you that not only the oral and anogenital strains but the ones that cause common warts and plantar warts stick around for life. Pretty unsexy but there it is – unlikely to kill you but contact-transmissible and incurable. A few nonviral possibilities that might or might not make the cut depending on technicalities: Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease are autoimmune complications of infection with group A streptococci.

Strep is transmissible and curable with antibiotics, rheumatic fever is neither. By the time the autoimmune complications occur, the strep bacteria itself is almost always gone, especially with antibiotics. Variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, caused by the prions that also cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease), is incurable and can be transmitted by blood transfusion, tissue transplantation, use of products from contaminated cell and tissue cultures, and the use of prion-contaminated surgical instruments. Most people who get this get it from eating prion-contaminated beef but iatrogenic transmission is a deal, too. And I am warning you that I’m about to list a bunch of parasitic diseases now and the details are super-disturbing and gross. The technicality for these parasites is that they’re waterborne or arthropod-borne rather than contact-transmissible or airborne. So you can stop reading now if that technicality means these diseases are not relevant.

Onchocerciasis, infection with the tiny worm Onchocerca volvulus, causes itching and blindness. The larval form of the worm is transmitted by black fly, matures to adulthood and mates in the tissues, and releases more larvae into the bloodstream. Drugs are available to kill the larvae but not the adults, so it takes 10 to 15 years of annual treatment to cure. Loaisis, infection with the African eye worm Loa loa is technically treatable with drugs but the treatment not uncommonly results in fatal brain inflammation and sometimes people avoid the whole treatment-with-drugs thing in favor of surgery to take the worms out of the eye, and sometimes they go with a less toxic but noncurative treatment. The worm is transmitted by deerflies.

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