Infectious Diseases – Glossary – Revision Guide For Student Nurses – Part 2 – Nursing & Clinical

Infectious Diseases - Glossary - Revision Guide For Student Nurses - Part 2 - Nursing & Clinical

Coryza syndrome is due to two main virus in 80% of cases: herpes virus type I and calicivirus. The virus then distributed in a free and cell associated viraemia to other organ and tissue by blood stream which occur 2-7 day post infection. Symptoms These vary, but may include loss of appetite, fever, sneezing, depression, inflamed or reddened eyes, yellow or thick green discharge from the nose, occasional coughing and ulcers on the tongue. injectable killed vaccine, modified stay injectable vaccine, modified dwell vaccine administered throughout the nose). There will initially be fever with ocular (eye) and nasal discharge which can become quite copious. The virus is excreted in saliva and in discharges from the eyes and nose of an infected cat. The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets at a distance of a meter from the source.

This form is very contagious and is quite often fatal. It only takes one Caturday in the yard for a cat to be exposed. In most cases, once symptoms appear the active infection will last about 10-20 days. Typically, infected cats come from the shelter, are outdoor cats, or are housed in close contact with lots of other cats (experiencing crowding stress). Most disinfectants, antiseptics, and detergents are effective against the virus. An infectious disease of dogs (but may also affect foxes, badgers, mink and ferrets) caused by a morbillivirus which is related to measles and rinderpest. Symptoms are extensive and may include pyrexia, pharyngitis, rhinitis, hyperkeratosis of the nose and pads, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Vomiting is frequently bile-tinged and is unrelated to eating. The incubation period is 7-21 days. FeLV = Feline leukaemia virus. Antibiotics will need to be administered if a secondary infection has developed. The virus is readily killed in the environment by disinfectants, as long as the disinfectant contacts all contaminated surfaces. Cat’s mouth smells with rot;the apparent loss of appetite, lethargy, apathy to everything is observed. The virus is present in saliva, mucous, urine and faeces aswell as milk.

Infectious Diseases - Glossary - Revision Guide For Student Nurses - Part 2 - Nursing & Clinical
We’ve too long underestimated the threat that rabies poses to cats. Objects that cannot be bleached may be decontaminated by thorough washing with plenty of soap and water. If possible, revaccinate adult cats two weeks after the first vaccine. Infection is by vertical transmission in utero or via the queens milk, or by bite wounds and fleas. This disease is often concurrent with FeLV and FIV. Treatment is usually with tetracyclines and steroids, and severely ill cats may require a blood transfusion. Lymphoid atrophy is present associated with mononuclear phagocyte hyperplasia.

This is predominantly a disease of kittens, but may affect cats of all ages. There are 4 clinical syndromes associated with the disease: peracute, acute, sub-acute and cerebellar hyperplasia. FIP = Feline infectious peritonitis. Specific identification of FVR virus particles may be made by collecting samples of cells and discharges from the nose, eyes or back of the throat. Of course, you must pass tests to identify the causative agent, but the treatment should be started immediately. 2 forms may occur: wet FIP – an effusive form thought to be associated with poor immune response, and dry FIP – a form which may occur following a partial immune response. When should kittens get shots?

Treatment will be determined by the specific clinical signs and problems that your cat is showing. Viruses usually run their course in 10 to 14 days. Transmission is usually via sexual contact or bites. The incubation period may range from weeks to years, although a transient pyrexia and generalised lymphadenopathy may be evident after exposure to the virus followed by an asymptomatic phase. Symptoms are varied and may include; chronic rhinitis, chronic diarrhoea, chronic gingivitis, neurological disease, uveitis and neoplastic changes. Besides that, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is also one of the methods available but it is quite expensive and laborious to be done. A highly infectious disease of cats caused by the feline calici virus and feline herpes virus.

Secondary bacterial infection is common. Transmission of infection is via aerosol spread. In some cases, an appetite stimulant may be prescribed. As panleukopenia, feline calicivirus exhausts the vital force of the pet, so it is important that the cat was well fed and ate only digestible foods. An infectious viral disease of dogs and foxes that targets the liver, lymphoid tissue and vascular endothelium. People have known about and feared rabies for thousands of years. Adult cats that have been adequately vaccinated will likely only develop a mild case of illness, which may resolve without treatment.

Symptoms usually run their course in two to four weeks, though some cats may need medication to treat the symptoms and any secondary infections. An infectious, zoonotic disease of the dog that may affect rats, badgers and foxes. There are many sero-types, but only 2 are significant in the dog. These are: Leptospira canicola and Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae. The recommended injections are given at 8 to 9 weeks of age and the second dose is at 3 to 4 weeks later where booster are required annually.

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