Epstein-Barr virus is a herpesvirus family (it is HSV-4), and thus is a DNA virus. Mono goes away on its own, but lots of rest and good self-care can help you feel better, and recover more quickly. Who’s at risk? The most common method of EBV transmission comes through saliva, and this co-infection of Lyme disease’s symptoms is unlikely to present until 4-6 weeks. Any help would be great. WebMD does not endorse any specific product, service or treatment. The period between the infection and the appearance of the symptoms of the actual disease is commonly referred to as the incubation period.
Put simply, Mono is an illness brought about by the EBV virus, a common virus that is passed between us via saliva. It is a commonly seen illness that is well understood and can be successfully treated. 1. The virus causes disruption among the vital white blood cells, and the result is the set of symptoms that are highlighted above. While unpleasant and uncomfortable it is rarely dangerous, but it can lead to complications in the liver and spleen. The direct cause of Mono is the EBV virus; it is estimated that, by the time we reach our mid-30’s, 95% of us have already been infected with EBV. Individuals who have mono will have an increased number of atypical (unusual) white blood cells and antibodies that recognize Epstein-Barr viral proteins.
Because of biofilm communities these infections can be triggered by the other infections involved. Don’t worry about getting “herpes” from someone with mono. As the EBV virus is so well developed it is difficult to treat it directly; it resists the best anti-viral drugs and is very hardy. Some rare cases of mononucleosis have involved people who were contagious years after the symptoms of the infection have gone. Headaches, aches and pains and such are treated with standard issue drugs, although it is advisable to avoid penicillin as it can cause allergic reactions in Mono patients. The risk of contracting Mono is high as it is a very common virus, but the actual risks associated with the illness are very low. The main problems may stem from the enlarged spleen, and this is something that – if left unattended – can be life threatening.
An enlarged spleen is more likely to rupture, and it is strongly advised that anyone who has suffered from mono avoids strenuous activities such as sport for some time afterwards, until they are sure the spleen is back to its correct size and strength. Mono got its nickname ‘kissing disease’ as it is spread primarily by person to person transmission of saliva. The EBV virus is carried in the saliva and infects the second person. Complications: Rarely throat obstruction, swollen spleen or liver, jaundice, and splenic rupture can occur in patients with mono, but these complications are rare. Lyme Disease and it complex of infections may re-active this virus. However, as we said above, most of us have been exposed to the virus and have the correct antibodies already within, so getting a case of Mono is less likely. If a doctor suspects a case of mono then blood tests will be carried out to confirm the diagnosis.
As we have said earlier, glandular fever can resemble many other illnesses in its early form so it is vital these are eliminated. The laboratory will look for abnormalities in the blood and any signs of loss of liver function, and will use the symptoms and results to deduce the actual illness present. The most common complication from mono is inflammation of the liver. While this is a minor problem, the enlarged spleen that often comes with Mono can be a major one. We have already explained how an enlarged spleen faces a greater chance of rupture, and how this can be fatal, so it is very important the spleen is carefully monitored, and that a recovery period is sensibly observed. Also, the swelling of the throat can cause problems, but it is rarely bad enough to be serious. Other serious but very rare complications include problems with the balance of red blood cells that can cause other illnesses, plus very rare cases of encephalitis-swelling on the brain.
It is also noted that EBV is associated with certain cancers, but again the chances of this complication arising are very, very small indeed. However, as MS patients do not usually have increased immune responses to other common viruses, the higher rate of EBV seroprevalence (coupledwith the higher anti-EBV antibody titre) cannot be the result of some hyper-immune state in MS patients. Of course, you already know that our natural immune system will have built up the suitable antibodies in most cases, so the chances of contracting the illness are suitably reduced. On the other hand, the fact that 95% of people have already been infected with the virus also renders it difficult to avoid, but if you know someone is infected and showing signs of it you should avoid personal and intimate contact. In most cases, you stand the risk of developing mild symptoms, and serious cases are increasingly uncommon. We hope this article has helped you to understand why mononucleosis is a difficult illness to diagnose, the risks involved, and the steps you should take to minimise the risk, and also that it has allowed you to understand why allowing for full recovery is very important indeed. An alternative way to help others, including your close friends and family is by providing professional advise based on your education and skills, which can be easily acquired online.
So consider a masters of public health online. If you have any questions or concerns, feel free to contact me. Otherwise when the changes have been made, please let me know and I’ll send the payment. I look forward to hearing from you. Miranda Stephens, MD is certified by the American Board of Family Medicine. EBV and some T-cell lymphomas are also likely related, while other epithelial tumors such as gastric cancers can similarly develop. Stephens earned her undergraduate degree from the University of Colorado.She completed a residency in Family Medicine at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.
In 2006 Dr. Stephens was chosen for Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society.