McKinley Health Center – Infectious Mononucleosis

McKinley Health Center - Infectious Mononucleosis

The term mononucleosis refers to the presence of an abnormally high number of mononuclear leukocytes (white blood cells [WBCs]) in the body. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Infectious Mononucleosis. The most common way to transmit EBV is through saliva, and symptoms typically do not appear from 4-6 weeks. Further, EBV CFS is effectively treated with long-term valacyclovir. Flu like symptoms if continued after 3 weeks, then the patient is treated with antibiotics. Before moving on to treatments, let’s go through a brief overview of its causes, symptoms, and other essential information. Even though it is less contagious than the common cold, about 95% of Americans who are between the ages of 35-40 and 50% of children who are five years old have been infected with the virus at some point in their lives.

2013. However, even after the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis have disappeared, the EBV will remain dormant in the throat and blood cells during that person’s lifetime. The recovery time normally ranges between two and four weeks, but patients may feel tired for a few months afterwards, as noted by MedicinePlus. In these cases, the transmission of EBV typically requires intimate contact with the saliva (found in the mouth) of an infected person, and thus a monogamous lifestyle decreases the chances of transmission, as with some other viruses of the Herpesviridae family. This is because of the long incubation period of EBV in the human host. Your physician may wish to repeat the test in a week or so. Symptoms of mono caused by Epstein-Barr virus infection rarely last more than 4 months.
McKinley Health Center - Infectious Mononucleosis

These tests may not be positive until several weeks after the symptoms arise and, rarely, may remain negative throughout the course of the disease. Primary infection in approximately 50% of adolescents and adults appears as fever, fatigue and tiredness, swollen lymph nodes, a sore throat, and, sometimes, an enlarged spleen and liver. A rapid cellular response by T cells is crucial for suppression of the primary EBV infection and determines the clinical expression of EBV infection. The effectiveness of combination therapy was compared to acyclovir monotherapy in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 94 patients.17 This trial showed that the addition of prednisolone had no significant effect on duration of general illness, sore throat, weight loss, or absence from school or work. Contrary to popular belief, the EBV is not highly contagious. It is advised to people suffering from the mono virus infection to avoid vigorous contact sports as this may cause the spleen to rupture. Increase your intake of fluids; avoid caffeine.

If one of the many other causes of infectious mononucleosis is considered, specific blood tests for those causes are available. Remain at home if fever develops. This is most seen among those with impaired immune system like transplant patients or persons with AIDS. But you need to be extra careful; pregnancy & mono combined can take a toll on a person. The hepatitis B surface antigen result was positive (>100 U/L). The higher incidence in this demographic group most likely reflects a later age of primary infection as well as greater access to health care and availability of specific diagnostic tests. In addition, differentiation of immunoglobulin G and M subclasses to the viral capsid antigen can often be helpful for confirmation.

Practice good handwashing before food preparation, eating and after bathroom use.

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