We examine biochemical characteristics of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) tegument protein VP22 by gel filtration, glycerol sedimentation, and chemical cross-linking experiments and use time course radiolabeling and immunoprecipitation assays to analyze its synthesis and interaction with other infected-cell proteins. R. Spaete and N. The regions of the two termini which are inverted and repeated itnernally differ in topology. Oligosaccharides generated by partial deaminative cleavage of heparin were used to determine the minimum molecular size required for the binding of virus; the smallest oligosaccharide which reacted with HSV was composed of 10 monosaccharide units. Our results indicate that the transposition efficiency of the 12-kb transposable unit via SB transposase was significantly reduced compared to the 7-kb transposable unit when the plasmid version of the HSV amplicon was used. In an attempt to establish the biological basis for this finding, the effect of viral dose on the induction of the host proinflammatory response was examined.
The electron micrographs are consistent with the hypothesis that the single-stranded ends on the DNA anneal to form a hairpin, that the DNA synthesis is initiated at or near that end and proceeds bidirectionally to form a lariat, and that resulting progeny derived by semiconservative replication are “head-to-head” and “tail-to-tail” dimers. Furthermore, transient immunosuppression of mice with cyclophosphamide, but not cyclosporin A, significantly enhanced both the levels of acute n212 and 7134 replication in the eye and the levels of mutant viral genomes present in latently infected TG in a dose-dependent manner. Capsids are assembled within nuclei and then transported to the nuclear periphery.