Most oral health problems can be found in people who are either HIV positive or negative. Conventional periodontal therapy is directed towards stabilization of disease followed by long term maintenance. It is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the United States. b. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstien barr virus 1 (EBV-1) are involved in the pathogenesis of human periodontal disease. Although the relation between dental treatment and the occurrence of herpes zoster is unclear, we should include herpes zoster in the differential diagnosis when a patient presents with toothache or periodontal tissue discomfort. When healthy, the gingiva is pale pink, firm, and immobile, with a smooth or stippled texture.
Gum disease also causes the inflammation of the gum tissue, another noticeable sign of an oral infection. The main etiological factor is microbial oral biofilm. Heart diseases pictures; heart diseases video; heart diseases discussion; heart diseases is there a link between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease? Dr. Some new studies [4,5] demonstrate that Herpes viruses can be involved in pathogenesis of periodontal disease. And estrogen and progesterone are especially likely to accumulate in the gum tissues, which are physiologically similar to the mucosal tissues of the reproductive system. Increased leukocyte infiltration and changes in vascular permeability have always been present in periodontal tissues inflammation .
Antibiotics (tetracyclines and metronidazole), antiseptics (chlorhexidine), phenols, oils, and herbal compounds have been in use since 1980 . Researchers have also linked periodontal disease to other health risks such as stroke, heart attack and more. These natural toothbrushes, made of twigs, actually work quite well. They contain medical ingredients produced by the herb itself. In Asia, people often use twigs of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica) [9,10]. Haffajee et al.  have been examining herbal product, the Natural Dentist, Medford, Mass®, that contains several anti-inflammatory agents: aloe vera, calendula, as well as antimicrobial agents such as Golden Seal, grapefruit seeds and they concluded that herbal mouth rinse had beneficial effects such as reducing gingival inflammation and inhibiting of aerobic and anaerobic bacterial growth.
Periodontitis is a condition in which gingivitis has extended down around the tooth and into the supporting bone structure. Even though we now have toothpaste and floss, these modern developments aren’t enough to counter our bad habits and disease. Herbal products may be used as pills, syrups and infusions or externally as creams, ointments and liniments. Furthermore, surgery allows dentists to access areas where scaling and root planing cannot remove tartar and plaque. E. Herbal species with medical properties have been used for centuries to prevent and treat different diseases [8,9,12,13]. The biggest problem is the lack of information about effects of herbal species on periodontal tissues and mechanism of action.
Herbal products may vary in their effectiveness, therefore it is necessary to select herbal species carefully. The filling material of choice is glass ionomer. Sage (Salvia officinalis) Sage belongs to Laminaceae family. First the infection is disrupted by thorough cleaning below the gumline by the doctor or hygienist. furuncle. Sage essential oils have antibiotic, antifungal and antiviral properties and it has been used to reduce inflammatory process in stomatitis and pharyngitis . For therapy: 3g of sage chopped leaf could be added to 150 ml of boiling water for 10 minutes .
Deep pockets (greater than 3 millimeters in depth) form between the gum and the tooth. Another prescription for mouth rinse is: two tablespoon of sage chopped leaf immersed in half a liter of water, covered and brought to a boil and then left covered for 15 minutes-this can be used for gargling several times a day for 5 to 10 minutes . Pistorius et al.  have reported a significant reduction in gingival indices with daily use of mouth rinse and concluded that it could be used every day as an adjunctive therapy to reduce gingival inflammation and it contains following herbal species: Salvia officinalis, Mentha piperita (menthol), Matricaria chamomilla, Commiphora myrrha, Carum carvi (Umbelliferae), Eugenia caryophyllus (Myrtaceae) and Ehinacea purpurea. Salvia officinalis has aromatic, spasmolytic, antiseptic, astringent properties and when it is taken as a mouthwash, Salvia deals effectively with throat infections, gingivitis and mouth ulcers . Drinking sage tea is not recommended during pregnancy and lactation, but mouth rinse and gargling is allowed . Aloe vera belongs to Asphodelaceae family.
It contains vitamins, enzymes, minerals, sugars, fatty acids, amino and salicylic acids . Aloe vera (in the form of a gel) improves wound healing and it can be used for burns, insect-bites and many other skin and mucosal lesions. Because of numerous healing properties of aloe vera, it has been used as dietary supplement and powerful antioxidant, as wound healing accelerator, after periodontal surgery, for traumatized gingival lesions by toothbrush, toothpick or solid food. Aloe vera (gel formula) is a non-toxic bactericide and it has antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic properties and immune-stimulating properties [18-20]. The anti-inflammatory activity of Aloe vera inhibits the cyclooxygenase pathway and reduces prostaglandin E2 production . Scherer et al.  confirmed that a mouth rinse, which contains Aloe vera reduces gingival inflammation and bleeding.
A short-term study by Bhat et al. Tartar control toothpastes help prevent tartar formation, but do not remove tartar once it has formed. Aloe vera gel applications directly to the site of periodontal surgery or to gingiva when it has been traumatized with a tooth brush dentifrice abrasion, sharp foods, dental floss and toothpick injuries have shown improved healing properties . Aloe vera gel at optimum concentrations in toothpastes or mouthwashes could be useful for prevention of periodontal diseases and dental caries .