Many of the antiviral nucleoside analogues are blocked at the 3’ hydroxyl group of the deoxyribonucleic acid, which results in failure of elongation of the nascent DNA molecule. No dose-limiting toxicities occurred and a maximum tolerated dose of bavituximab was not reached. The researchers hope to confirm their results in a larger study. In patients on hemodialysis, viral infections were present in 29.6% including EBV, HTLV-I and HBV-HCV co-infection in 2.2%, 5.9% and 16.3%, respectively. Throughout much of Africa, HCV ‘hides behind’ widespread HIV and hepatitis B virus infections, says virologist Jean-Michel Pawlotsky, director of the French National Reference Center for Hepatitis B, C and delta. Her abdominal examination showed a slightly increased spleen located in the left-upper abdomen. The previously cited work5–14 on risk factors for HCV infection was primarily completed in urban populations; however, there are stark differences between urban areas and Appalachian Kentucky.