Respiration – Feeding and Health

Respiration - Feeding and Health

There are a large number of common infectious diseases in horses. To date, the outbreaks have affected horses used for sport and leisure activities which are located within a ​​fifty kilometre radius of the centre of Yvelines. My mare seems to have lost control of her back legs she can not turn around or walk without looking like she is going to collapse. The site of the wound is often invisible. With the groundwork in place, guardianship advocates could then move to the state level. In the case of chronic disease in individual animals, ‘the virus’ may indicate any of a number of conditions, but, when there is recurrent infection, the cause may be reduced resistance, for one reason or another. Excitement or stress can often cause shedding – horses travelling to events/competitions are particularly at risk.

Castrating a colt or an older horse, is pretty quick and easy these days. A horse at rest breathes 8 to 14 times per minute. A blood sample can be taken which can often aid in diagnosis and assess whether bacterial infection has also occurred. Foals infected in the womb, and born alive, usually die shortly after birth. A disorder of the airways automatically threatens the intake of oxygen and thus the overall health of your horse. When his airways are irritated, the horse will cough, possibly in combination with nasal discharge. Blood may be taken and tested in order to diagnose the disease, following an observation of the signs and symptoms presented.

Further samples have been taken and diagnostic testing is in progress. The confusion she felt in having to drag herself about was very obvious. Signs of  ‘the flu’ include loss of appetite,  depression, nasal discharge and a high fever, developing into a dry cough that may persist for several weeks. The number of CEM-carrier animals detected in the USA since the disease was initially confirmed mid-December 2008 remains at 20 stallions, one gelding, and five mares. Because of the nature of lowgrade equine infection, diagnosis is not a simple matter. Bronchitis is chronic, and will last for the rest of his life. A lot of horses don’t show any symptoms of a neurological disease until they get stressed which could be cause by travelling, a vaccination or some other illness.

Eventually the horse gets “equine heaves” or “broken wind”. Take your horse out of his stall when you are cleaning the stall Pick up manure and wet spots in the stall daily Groom your horse in the open air Feed wet hay if your horse is sensitive to dust Moisten the concentrates with a little bit of water Put your horse out on pasture every day; don’t keep him in his stall day and night. Clean out your horse trailer before and after use. Worm your horse regularly Give your horse the necessary vaccinations on time An outside box stall with an upper door is preferable Take measures to prevent drought as much as possible. Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx, often caused by a viral infection or various irritations of the throat. The signs and symptoms following infection include lethargy, depression, and loss of appetite. This is very noticeable during horseback riding, when the neck of the horse is “in frame”.
Respiration - Feeding and Health

The tail sway test gives a pretty definitive diagnosis of a neuro problem, but its hard to say if the neck is to blame. As with shingles or cold sores in humans (both herpes viruses), ‘latent’ or dormant infections can occur and may be reactivated years later after periods of stress. Influenza was diagnosed on eight premises in France involving multiple breeds; all were epidemiologically linked. EHV-1 has caused serious disease through the past thirty years and would appear to exploit situations where large numbers of horses are congregated. When inhaling, the airflow vibrates the paralyzed vocal cord, which causes the horse to make loud breathing noises that are described as “roaring” or “whistling.” Roaring is hereditary, but can also be the cause of an inflammation or injury. However, respiratory issues seen in horses should never be taken lightly and would need to be treated as soon as possible to avoid the conditions from becoming more serious which means they are harder to treat. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi, often caused by a virus infection.

Neglecting to take action at the first signs may cause the bronchitis to become chronic and it may develop in asthma or broken wind (COPD =Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Contact your veterinarian at the first signs of an infection. Symptoms are coughing with nasal discharge or fever. At the suspicion of a virus infection it is important to isolate the horse to limit the risk of contagion. Give your horse a stall with fresh air, keep your horse warm with a blanket and give him sufficient rest. The more susceptible horses are the youngest and the foals, due to their compromised immunity at such a young age. The airways have a chronic inflammation, which causes an excess production of mucus and swollen airways. Shire horses, WB’s, TB’s and in particular quarter horses are the breeds most commonly affected.

The excess mucus causes coughing. Fortunately, nitrate /nitrite poisoning is not a common problem in horses. Feeding has to be assessed and the diet controlled if, for example, there are deficiencies or problems with protein, oils or minerals. Pasture is even better. His stall must be clean, preferably with free access to an outside paddock. Try to avoid molds (no straw-storage above the stall). Moisten his hay.

Influenza (the flu), rhinopneumonia (Equine herpes virus) and strangles are a number of contagious diseases. Strangles is a throat inflammation caused by bacteria. It is extremely contagious and can be passed on not only by body-to-body contact but also through the clothes or tools of caretakers. When other parts of the body are affected, this is known as “bastard” strangles and is almost always fatal. Typically the horse will stretch his neck in this phase to relieve the pain in his throat. He was very unsteady and appeared to not know where all his legs were and looked on the verge of falling over most of the time too. The horse can get a high fever (40 – 41° Celsius, which is 104 – 105.8° Fahrenheit) and will sweat profusely.

Documented cases of nitrate poisoning in horses are rare. Is the horse anaemic or dehydrated? These abscesses will ripen and ultimately burst; then recovery will be rather quick. A horse that has suffered from strangles once will almost certainly be immune for the rest of his life. Always consult a veterinarian. To limit or prevent contamination, extensive hygiene measures are required. Keep the sick horse away from other horses (preferably another building) and change your clothes before you come in contact with other horses.

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