We’ve had some adventures since our last update. Flat-faced cats such as Persians have a higher incidence. Just make sure that the water is boiled when you make saline, ok? Something could have fallen on it; kitty’s mother may have accidentally done something, somehow it got pulled, etc. However, other causes of conjunctivitis are more difficult to treat, so it is always important to have the cause of your cat’s eye problems diagnosed by a veterinarian. Olivero, unless otherwise noted. Immediately withdraw the rehydrated vaccine into the dropper.
Gently, wipe the gummy excess off with a clean, warm cloth. They will ask questions in regard to the kitten’s background, environment and medical history. Skin diseases: Mange mite infestation, painful or irritating cancers, and other skin conditions that occur around the eyes can cause rubbing, itching, swelling and other problems in the eye area. The compound 2-amino-9-[[(1S,2R)-1,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclopropyl]methyl]-1,9-dihydro- -6H-Purin-6-one (also known as “A-5021”) is a potent inhibitor of herpes virus replication (Neyts et al., Antiviral Research 2001, 49, 115-120; Iwayama et al., Antimicr. ★ “The Green Dye!” This is a drop of liquid that we place on the surface of the eye. Older Cats Herpes-related disease in older cats usually occurs when the virus is reactivated from a latent stage in an individual infected earlier in life. It may be possible that he will need to have a portion of the tail amputated to prevent further complications.
I hope all works out for your kitty. I’m hoping that they don’t have any viruses. Meanwhile, the pressure in his left eye was still quite high, so we began Azopt drops in that eye twice a day in hopes of reducing the pressures and saving his vision and the eye itself, which is in danger if we can’t keep the pressure down. Anchor your dominant hand on her forehead, holding the opened eye drops about one-half inch from her eye. Unfortunately, there is no cure for feline herpes virus (FHV). Once a cat is infected it has the virus for life. However, during the initial infection, the kitten usually shows most of the signs of an upper respiratory infection including sneezing, nasal discharge and sometimes a lowered appetite.
While problems have rarely been noted in veterinary medicine, ophthalmic beta blockers should be used with caution in patients with bronchoconstrictive disease or congestive heart failure. Most kittens are able to recover from this type of infection and may never show signs again but the virus will remain in their system in a latent state. If a kitten can’t smell, he won’t eat. The tonic is mixed with boiling water, allowed to cool, and then applied to a cotton ball. Even if a cat doesn’t show any signs of the virus, it can pass the virus on to other cats through the mouth, nose or eye fluids as well as in litter boxes and food and water dishes. In certain embodiments, the composition further comprises at least 0.008% w/v thiomersal. During times of stress the immune system is overworked so the virus is able to escape and can be re-activated.
This is not always easy, but try to minimize the effects of any stressors in your cats life, and perhaps consider setting aside some extra time in the evenings for a de-stressing cuddle or groom! Anything that changes the normal routine of your cat can permit viral re-activation. Topical and systemic antiviral medications can control FHV but they cannot eliminate the virus from your cat’s body Sometimes surgery is required to repair the damage done by the virus most often involving the eyes. An adult cat that has FHV can have recurring conjunctivitis in times of stress. He stays quite still and tries to squint his eyes closed, but doesn’t object to me holding them open. The conjunctivae membranes of the eye are the pink part under the eyelids and the lining of the eyelids themselves. When they are irritated they get red and itchy causing discomfort.
The cornea can become involved in the inflammation, become cloudy or even ulcerated and tear production can be reduced leading to even more discomfort with the dry eye. So to answer your question, yes, a cat can have one pink eye and be healthy in other areas and yet have FHV. Pilocarpine should not be used in secondary glaucoma cases. A typical physical exam along with your animal’s history may be enough for your vet to perform in-house tests to determine if your cat has FHV. Many kittens explore with their mouths. There is also a PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test that can be used to look for an agent of the virus in a cat’s DNA. Your vet will get a swab of your cat’s throat and send it to the lab to test for the virus.
 Furthermore, the terms first, second, third and the like in the description and in the claims, are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a sequential or chronological order, unless specified. Idoxuridine (no longer available commercially and must be obtained from a compounding pharmacy); Viroptic (trifluorothymidine ) which is supposed to be used for a minimum of three weeks or longer. At some point the virus is handled by the immune system and the clinical signs disappear ; Vira-A (vidarabine) and Betadine. These medicines are fairly expensive and require dosing 5 times a day. If the cornea is involved in the infection, this is a good indication that antiviral medications are needed. Acyclovir is an oral antiviral that may be used to control FHV as is Cidovovir. Now here I am feeding Sam and Scamper chicken that I order through the health food store and pay about $5.29 a pound for – more than Bill and I usually spend on chicken for ourselves!
Oral Interferon alpha is an inexpensive oral solution that uses a natural immune system modulator to suppress FHV symptoms. Although interferon use has not been scientifically tested it has been in use for many years as something that seems to help shorten the course of infection. FHV cells are inhibited much more easily by antiviral drugs if they are used along with interferon. Interferon has no side effects potential at the doses used and there is no reason not to try it because it may help. Decreased IOP is probably due primarily to increased aqueous humor outflow, but decreased aqueous humor production may occur secondary to vasoconstriction. L-lysine (an amino acid that is a protein building block) works to prevent future attacks in some cats. But, at five weeks of age- this protection will vanish.
Without arginine, a herpes virus cannot reproduce. The amino acid lysine is taken up by the virus instead of arginine and by saturating the virus with lysine it therefore suppresses the virus’s ability to replicate. 2-amino-9-[4-hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]-3H-purin-6-one) it appears likely that it can be formulated as a sodium salt hydrate formulation, such a formulation is highly alkaline and therefore not compatible with applications wherein a physiological composition is required. Make sure that the formula used is free of the preservative propylene glycol because cats can have blood reactions against this compound. The dose for a cat is 500mg orally daily with food. The food helps because it sometimes causes vomiting if given on an empty stomach. It is available in tablet, capsule, fish-flavored powder to mix with food and an oral paste.
It is not usually effective as the only treatment during an active infection and is best used in combination with other antiviral treatments or for long-term use to reduce recurrences. Ensiyl-F is an L-lysine supplement formulated especially for veterinary use. The dial-a-dose syringe makes it easier to administer (especially if you have trouble dosing a cat with pills like I do) and the paste is supposed to taste great to cats. Atropine may be used to control pain in the eye. It will dilate the pupil in the treated eyes and create some light sensitivity, but it can help with the pain. Your best resource is your veterinarian but while the symptoms exist keep your cat in an area or cage where humidity and oxygen can ease breathing. A direct stimulation of iris melanocytes results in excess melanin production in the iris of people using this medication, causing a dark brown color change to the iris.
Keep nasal passages cleared with items such as Children’s Afrin nose drops put into alternating nostrils once a day for no more than five days. Treat ulcers and infections of the eyes with appropriate medications. Also talk to your vet about vaccinating your cat even though it is already infected. It won’t cure your cat but it will help minimize the symptoms. A higher cyclodextrin concentration typically allows obtaining a higher concentration of A-5021. I truly hope that this information has been helpful to make your understand what FHV is. It sounds like your cats are going to recover and go into the latent stage but you can help them by talking to your veterinarian and providing some of the drug solutions on the market.
Good luck with your felines. The FIP virus can live in the environment for several weeks. However, it can be easily killed with common household disinfectants like bleach. Do stick to bleach disinfectants, as pine based ones are toxic to cats. Vacuum as often as possible to reduce the number of contaminated cat litter particles. The virus is mainly shed in feces, where it survives for 1-2 months and in saliva where it survives for a few days. So far there is no evidence that it can be present in tears or urine.
In natural circumstances, cats go outside to defecate and bury their feces, in which case the virus lasts hours to days (it survives longer in freezing conditions). Prior to cataract or intraocular surgery: 2.5% or 10% given every 15 minutes for two hours. Please bear in mind that cat litter, especially non-clumping litter, can facilitate the spread of the virus by microscopic particles on shoes, poop scoops, etc. So you have to thoroughly disinfect all areas. Now regarding a dog carrying the virus, although there is a canine coronavirus, the short answer to this question is probably no. The University of Glasgow veterinary department found that it must be present in the cat for the virus to arise and in research when they tested any dogs within survey households, only once did they find a dog with antibodies to the coronavirus. However, such preservatives should not compromise the physiological tolerability of the composition while ensuring the stability of the composition over a prolonged period of time.
In the summer of 2009, an exciting paper appeared by Prof. Al Legendre of Tennessee Veterinary School in the Journal Feline Medicine and Surgery reporting the cure of 3 cases of non-effusive (dry) FIP using Polyprenyl Immunostimulant from Sass & Sass. This paper is a hopeful pilot study and they look forward to controlled clinical studies. Unfortunately, Polyprenyl Immunostimulant does not work on effusive (wet) FIP cases. I hope that I have answered your questions. If you lost an animal to FIP, I also hope you find it encouraging to see that steps are starting to be taken to find a cure. my cat was anesthesiated for surgery and for more than 14 hours he didnt wake…
he tries to eat or drink but he can not i think because he cant use his tongue and mouth how can i help him??? You didn’t say what age your cat is and older cats and obese cats are slower to recover from anesthesia. Most general anesthetics are very fat soluble so the greater the amount of body fat and the longer the animal is anesthetized the greater amount of anesthetic agent that will be absorbed into body fat. Dosage frequencies are variable depending on the condition and its severity. This low amount of anesthetic may continue to affect a pet’s behavior for several days. Plus, the cat’s ability to control its body temperature may be affected during the recovery period. Many blood vessels in the skin dilate after anesthesia and that results in heat loss.
It is necessary to keep the animal warm to speed the recovery.  Thus, as indicated above, the compositions of the present invention may comprise, in addition to the active ingredient A-5021, and cyclodextrin, one or more preservatives and/or buffering agents. Prior to surgery your veterinarian should have done a pre-operative blood screen which would have indicated if there was a problem with the heart or liver etc. This precaution is not a guarantee because some medical problems like cardiomyopathy will not show up on a blood panel but it can help your veterinarian to determine which is the best anesthetic or combination of anesthetics for your particular cat and whether other precautions such as heart monitoring and/or oxygen assistance should be added for additional safety. A cat is generally given a sedative or tranquilizer before the anesthetic to help calm the animal before introduction of the mask or tube. A common inhalant drug is isofluorane which is considered safe, particularly with older cats or cats with additional medical problems. There is no such thing as the perfect anesthetic and there is always potential for risk with any of them.
General anesthesia is often begun after a sedative calms the cat. As soon as the cat loses consciousness, a soft plastic tube (endotracheal tube) is inserted into the windpipe and is connected to an anesthesia machine which then delivers the oxygen and other gases. At completion of the surgery, the concentration of the anesthetic is reduced and the cat slowly regains consciousness. When the pet regains its swallowing reflexes, the tube (or mask) is removed and the cat is monitored until it is fully conscious. During the recovery period the cat is normally given a pain relief medication. Topical anesthetics should not be used to treat painful eye disease. Some pets are nauseous after anesthesia, and may not want to eat or drink for several hours or overnight.
If fluids have been given during the surgery, fasting for a short period of time shouldn’t hurt the cat. However,if your cat will not eat or drink 24 hours after the surgery, notify your veterinarian who did the surgery because follow-up care is needed. It gets dangerous when a cat doesn’t eat for several days because of liver issues unique to cats. The optimal application frequency may depend on factors such as the severity of the infection and the concentration of A-5021 in the composition. I’ve had incidences when I’ve touched the other cats before I’ve been able to wash properly – this is why I’m trying to find reliable sources that will aide in my care of Buddy and keeping the other cats safe. A few years ago an article sponsored by the American Association of Feline Practitioners, stated that the virus is fragile and usually dies within 5 minutes of exposure to outside air, but like anything else where a cure is being researched other information comes to light. So, recently a paper written by Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine says it survives longer, but less than 2 hours in a dry environment and up to 2 days in a wet environment like litter.
I have amended the information on the website to reflect the results of this new paper. However, I have found that there are so many conflicting beliefs between different veterinarians and different schools of veterinary medicine that it’s a balancing act keeping up with changes. Thank you for your question because I was able to review it and find the new article. The main way Felv is spread is through a cat to cat transfer via saliva, nasal secretions, urine, feces, blood and mother’s milk. Hence cat to cat transfers of the virus may occur during mutual grooming, from a bite wound and (less commonly) through the shared use of litter boxes and feeding dishes. Since you are keeping “Buddy” isolated from the other cats and not allowing the sharing of litter or dishes, you are wisely keeping the risks of transmission to a minimum. Also, there are a number of good antibacterial soaps, some even waterless like those used in hospitals.
Ketorolac tromethamine is marketed for use before cataract extraction in human patients (to prevent miosis during surgery) and for control of post surgical inflammation, especially following cataract surgery. There are a lot of brands out there such as Purell and we find that if we keep one in each room it’s fast to give a quick squirt into your hands and it’s pretty much evaporated by the time you get to the next room. With five cats you never know if one of them is hiding the fact that she’s getting sick so it’s just a precaution.