Sexually Transmitted Diseases | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library

Sexually Transmitted Diseases | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library

In women, genital warts can grow on the vulva, the walls of the vagina, the area between the external genitals and the anus, the anal canal, and the cervix. You can pass the virus to your sex partners during vaginal or anal sex, even when you don’t have bumps you can see. Half of the new infections occur in people between the ages of 15 and 24 years. Delay having sexual relationships as long as possible. Clinical Dermatology: A Color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy. If this is your first visit, click here for a brief summary of this website. Routine annual pelvic exams and Pap tests can detect conditions that often can be treated before cancer or other diseases develop.

Women 21 or older should have annual gynecology checkups. Accessed Sept. Genital warts female can be diagnosed by a pap smear test and a colposcopy; vaginitis and other infections require special tests. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is a virus that destroys the body’s ability to fight off infection. Transmission of the virus most often occurs during sexual activity or by the sharing of needles used to inject intravenous drugs.

Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common sexually transmitted disease. Condylomata acuminata (anogenital warts). Many other types of HPV cause no symptoms, so the infection may go undetected. In most cases, the virus goes away and does not cause further health problems. However, if the virus persists, normal cells can change and become abnormal. Goldman L, et al.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library
Regular Pap tests can detect HPV infection, as well as abnormal cervical cells. Two types of HPV vaccines are available to protect girls and women against the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. One type also protects against most genital warts in girls and women and also protects boys and men against most genital warts and anal cancers. Certain types of HPV can also cause warts on other body parts such as the hands, called common warts; however, these do not generally cause health problems. Chlamydial infections. Chlamydial infections, the most commonly reported STD, can affect both men and women.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In women, untreated chlamydial infection may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Chlamydial infections can be treated with antibiotic therapy. Unfortunately, many people with chlamydial infection have few or no symptoms of infection. Frequently asked questions: Special procedures — Cervical cancer screening. Chlamydia can also be carried in and affect the rectum as well as the genital areas. Gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea causes a discharge from the vagina or penis and painful or difficult urination. 1, 2013. Gonorrhea infections can be treated with antibiotic therapy. Gonorrhea can also be carried in and affect the rectum as well as the genital areas. Genital herpes. 2011:60;1705. Symptoms may include painful blisters or open sores in the genital area, which may be preceded by a tingling or burning sensation in the legs, buttocks, or genital region.

The herpes sores usually disappear within a few weeks, but the virus remains in the body and the lesions may recur from time to time. There is no cure for HSV, but there are antiviral agents to take that can shorten an outbreak and reduce symptoms. Ali H, et al. The virus can be transmitted to sexual partners even if there are no visible blisters. This is called asymptomatic shedding. Syphilis. Mikolajczyk RT, et al.

Untreated syphilis may go on to more advanced stages, including a transient rash and, eventually, serious involvement of the heart and central nervous system. Syphilis infections can be treated with antibiotic therapy. Many STDs initially cause no symptoms. Bauer HM, et al. Even symptomless STDs can be contagious. STDs can be passed from a mother to her baby before or during birth. Some infections of the newborn may be successfully treated, but others may cause a baby to be permanently disabled or even die.

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