At Health Testing Centers we make sexually transmitted disease (STD, also called sexually transmitted infection or STI) testing as discreet and convenient as possible for your health and peace of mind. Our customer service representatives are ready to answer your questions about the tests we offer for common sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea. We can also provide STD testing for herpes, syphilis and HIV, as well as hepatitis A, B, and C. Due to shared routes of infection, HIV-infected persons are frequently coinfected with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is also an estimated two to fivefold increased risk of acquiring HIV infection when syphilis is present. In conclusion, combined infection of HIV and syphilis may alter the clinical presentation and course of either disease. Early treatment of a serious disease such as syphilis or HIV can help reduce long-term disease-related events and complications.
It should be emphasised that accurate estimation of STI prevalence and incidence relies on good quality and ideally population-based and/or antenatal clinic-based survey data for individual STI pathogens in each country of the region. Rapid plasma reagin was positive without physical findings. To begin to address this public-health problem in this very vast country (over 148 million inhabitants in an area of 923,768 sq km), we conducted a study on the prevalence of HIV-syphilis co-infection and the possible effect of such co-infection on the CD4+ lymphocyte levels among HIV-infected individuals in North Central Nigeria. Qualitative research is needed to provide insights into their sexual behaviour and the contexts in which high risk behaviours occur. Hepatitis A is an acute viral infection afflicting the liver with minimal symptoms. Sexually transmitted infections are relatively common among HSV positive patients at King Abdulaziz University Hospital. Human papillomavirus can cause benign condylomas or malignant tumors depending on the type.
The plasma HIV-1 RNA was reduced (−0.41 log10 copy/mL), although this did not reach statistical significance, perhaps due to small sample size. The lower prevalence of Chlamydia and gonorrhea among HIV-immunosuppressed patients may be attributed to routine antibiotic prophylaxis against opportunistic infections.  Swai, R.O., Somi, G.R., Matee, M.I.N., Killewo, J., Lyamuya, E.F., Kwesigabo, G., et al. Methods. Hepatitis B Surface Antigen – first line diagnostic test for acute hepatitis B. Often, a combination of tests on surface antigen, surface antibody, and core total antibody are used to evaluate a person for HBV. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, a chronic virus that attacks the immune system.
It is transmitted through body fluids, including blood, vaginal fluids, semen, and breast milk. HIV is commonly contracted from unprotected sex (vaginal, anal, or oral sex) and through sharing of needles for intravenous drug use. This is likely because of the close proximity to the urine and feces of people who may have trichomoniasis, not because the infection is spread by surfaces.7 This information also supports the idea that STIs are not typically transmitted by tanning beds or locker room surfaces. Written informed consent was obtained for all individuals who enrolled in this study. Further, HPV prevalence among Chinese FSWs appears to be higher than that found in neighbouring countries (22.9 % in Thailand  and 14.4 % in Singapore ), a finding also true for genital warts: 3.3 % in Chinese FSW versus 0.2 % in neighbouring Vietnam . The CDC estimates that there are 1.2 million people in the US with HIV, and that more than 10% do not know they have HIV. To target STD diagnosis and treatment in populations of drug abusers, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence of STDs and the associated risk factors among drug abusers in treatment facilities in Texas.
By the time symptoms do arise, treatment can be more difficult. HIV is not curable, but advances in treatments allow many people with HIV to continue to live normal, long lives. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by a germ called chlamydia trachomatis, which commonly affects the neck of the womb, also known as cervix womb lining, fallopian tubes and pelvis in women. Chlamydia is a very common STD. It often does not cause any symptoms, so most people with chlamydia are unaware they have it. Rapid diagnosis and treatment can decrease the consequences of infection and reduce further transmission to sexual partners. The CDC recommends that sexually active women under age 25 be tested for chlamydia each year, even without any symptoms.
It is also recommended for older women with certain risk factors, as well as men who have sex with men and pregnant women. Health Testing Centers offers chlamydia testing from a urine sample. .When diagnosed early, prompt treatment with a course of antibiotics may cure chlamydia in many cases. Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted disease spread by vaginal, oral, or anal sex, or vaginal infection. When caught and treated early, the majority of people will not have any complications from the disease. Without diagnosis and treatment, gonorrhea can cause tubal pregnancies, infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, and chronic abdominal pain. Pregnant women with gonorrhea may be at a higher risk of miscarriage or preterm birth, and can also pass gonorrhea to the baby during a vaginal delivery.
Similar to guidance for chlamydia, the CDC recommends regular screening for women age 25 and younger. Health Testing Centers offers gonorrhea testing from a urine sample. It is likely that the prevalence of syphilis in Nigeria could be in the same range regardless of occupation in different segments of the Nigerian population. HSV often causes painful open sores or lesions on the mucous membranes of the body. The most commonly effected areas are the mouth, throat, vagina, urethra, and rectum, although these sores can appear other places. For cases which were positive on ELISA, viral load was determined by highly sensitive quantitative PCR assays. HBsAg positivity had been found in 4 (8%) cases.
The herpes virus that causes genital herpes is HSV-2. The blood test for herpes screens for the virus-specific antibodies produced by the body that are used to fight off HSV infections. If a person is positive for one antibody, it does not automatically mean that they have the other as well. Symptoms of genital herpes can be seen in one to two weeks after exposure to the virus. Some people develop flu-like symptoms during the initial stage of a genital herpes infection. Genital herpes are not curable, but a variety of treatments can help control the virus and minimize outbreaks and other symptoms. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that can be particularly dangerous if left untreated.
This disease manifests itself in stages in adults and the symptoms are commonly confused with other ailments, which can allow the disease to progress without the infected person’s knowledge. Some of the more common symptoms include a painless sore found in the genital area and a spotty brown rash that can appear in different areas of the body. Syphilis usually becomes latent for a period of time and then re-appears in a more severe form. SD-OCT of right and left eyes of patient with focal chorioretinitis revealed CME with a right foveal thickness of 307 μm, and a left foveal thickness of 266 μm (Figure 8A and B). Syphilis is highly contagious, spread through sexual activity including oral sex and even kissing if there is an open lesion. Early detection is important to enabling treatment for syphilis. A positive result indicates past infection and/or active chronic infection.
Hepatitis C is a virus that causes liver inflammation and disease. In the US, it is transmitted through sharing of needles during drug use, contaminated tattoo needles, receiving a blood transfusion before 1982, and in rare cases it can be transmitted sexually. Hepatits C often causes very few symptoms for a long period of time. Symptoms include continuous fever, loss of appetite, disturbed stomach, yellow colored eyes and skin, itchiness, and tiredness. Damage to the liver may occur long before any symptoms are experienced by the patient, so early detection is important for developing an effective treatment plan. With the restoration of the immune system through HIV treatment, clinical management of external genital warts becomes easier. An HCV Antibody blood test is highly recommended for Baby Boomers (born from 1945 to 1965) because a large majority of cases in the US occur in people born during that period.