Dr Richmond Loh (BSc, BVMS, MANZCVS, MPhil) is a fully qualified veterinarian surgeon, who graduated from the veterinary school at Murdoch University. If the environment degrades fish’s immunity lowers, and pathogen level increases, fish disease will occur. In the liver and especially the kidney, contaminated fish will typically have detectable infection. So whether you are a fish keeper, fish hobbyist, fish farmer, aquaculturist, ornamental fish retailer, fish wholesaler, fish exporter or a public aquarium or zoo, The Fish Vet can see you. In both experiments, genes homologous to a toll-like receptor (TLR), MyD88, interferon regulatory factor (IRF) and protein kinase R (PKR) were up-regulated in oysters immune-primed with poly I:C compared to seawater controls (p < 0.05). I strongly recomend you do not purchase Discus based on experience threw a Broker. A routine home visit will involve water testing (including pH, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, carbonate hardness, general hardness, water temperature, etc.) and he will have special tools including a microscope to examine for the cause of your fish’s ailments and has access to laboratory testing (including bacteriology and histology testing). There is no known cure for Koi Herpes Virus. This works well for me and I find my Discus have a much better growth rate. You need to cultivate them, and to do so, you need cells that can be infected, so you need a discus. The tank must have good water circulation when using heat therapy as water will have a lower oxygen carrying capacity. Some farmers take training courses outside the city or abroad with their own money. Common reasons why fish owners call The Fish Vet are because they have sick fish or had searched the internet about any of the following topics that may include viral infection, lymphocystis, gourami iridovirus, carp pox, herpesvirus, bacterial infection, bacterial ulcer, aeromonas, yersiniosis, Yersinia, vibrio, vibriosis, flavobacter, flexibacter, streptococcus iniae, mycobacteria, fish tb, fish tuberculosis, septicaemia, bacteraemia, fungal disease, saprolegnia, achlya, cotton wool disease, fish parasite, protozoal, white spot disease, ich, cryptocaryon, trichodina, chilodonella, costia, ichthyobodo, oodinium, amyloodinium, nematode, round worm, camallanus, flat worm, monogenetic trematode, digenean, flukes, dactylogyrus, gyrodactylus, lice, argulus, anchor worm, lernaea, zoonotic diseases, toxicity, bloat, swimbladder disease, swim bladder infection, pine cone appearance, dropsy, pop eye, popeye, exophthalmia, hikui, jumped out, goldfish laying on its side, hole in the head, head and lateral line erosion, HLLE, HITH, cotton wool disease, fin rot, redness, frayed fins, physical injury, buoyancy disorder, loss of appetite, ulcer disease, ulceration, lesions, haemorrhage, columnaris, wasting disease, velvet disease or not eating. The bottom, back and sides should be covered with Styrofoam or cardboard to keep the subject stress free and comfortable.
Finally, by simply monitoring your fish on a regular basis, keeping your fish tank as clean as possible, you should be able to avoid this problem altogether. The target audience is the busy general veterinary practitioner who does not have the time to leaf through complicated text books. Nous recommandons plusieurs publications récentes reprenant la plupart de l’information concernant les virus de poissons d’eau douce et d’eau salée (HILL, 1981, 1982; WOLF, 1984; HETRICK, 1984 ; AHNE, 1985 ; MOLLER & ANDERS, 1986 ; ROBERTS & SCHLOTFELDT, 1985 ; DE KINKELIN, MICHEL & GHITTINO, 1985). To order your copy of the latest Fish Vetting Essentials (only $A99 per copy plus $A15 for postage and handling within Australia), visit www.thefishvet.com.au or click here to proceed directly to the shopping cart. Honda,T., Nishizawa,T., Uenobe,M., Kohchi,C., Kuroda,A., Ototake,M., Nakanishi,T., Yokomizo,Y., Takahashi,Y., Inagawa,H., Soma,G. The situation can be managed by frequent (sometimes daily) water tests. Interestingly, there appears to be a non-sequence specific component triggered by long dsRNA that confers a protective effect against pathogens.
Initial signs are whitish areas appearing on the fin, or there may be whitening and erosion of the fin edge, giving a ragged appearance. The main part of the book is devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of common diseases. This is a book that should be recommended for all veterinarians who feel the need to familiarise themselves with fish health at any aquarium. I use “Fish Vetting Essentials” as my first reference for matters pertaining to aquatic animal health. Its clear, concise layout and colour photographs make it a highly practical source of information. The information on diagnostic sample collection and treatment is easy to follow and has enabled us to develop the skills necessary to manage disease cases in fish effectively. I highly recommend “Fish Vetting Essentials” for veterinarians dealing with aquatic species.
I have owned a veterinary general practice for 30 years and my copy of Fish Vetting Essentials has been an excellent resource for me when I am asked to treat exotic aquarium fish. Previously the only readily available information on treating and diagnosing fish were anecdotal, unreliable and outdated popular press publications or high-end scientific material that was not useful from a practical point of view. Fish Vetting Essentials is concisely written and contains everything a general practitioner needs to take a logical, helpful approach to aquarium fish problems. As a veterinary clinician with an interest in the “unusual and exotic” fish species, I am frequently asked to consult with clients who present their fish for examination, diagnosis and treatment. I have an extensive medical library, and Fish Vetting Essentials is by far the most useful reference on fish diseases and fish treatments.