Related Terms Abscess, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, adenoviruses, AIDS, anthrax, aspiration pneumonia, Bacillus anthracis, bacteria, bacterial pneumonia, cancer, CAP, CHF, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia, congestive heart failure, COPD, diabetes mellitus, empyema, fungi, gastroesophageal reflux, herpesviruses, HIV, hospital-acquired pneumonia, HPV, human immunodeficiency virus, human parainfluenza virus, mycoplasm, mycoplasma, mycoplasma pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, nosocomial, oxygen, PCP, pleura, pleural, pleurisy, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine, Pneumocystis carinii, respiratory syncytial virus, rickettsia, Rocky mountain spotted fever, RSV, SARS, severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, sickle cell anemia, sputum, Streptococcus pneumoniae, trachea, ventilator, viral pneumonia, viruses. Infection usually occurs when a person breathes in these microorganisms. The rash is diagnostic as it follows the nerve root as it leaves the back, and circles to the front of the chest, but never crosses the midline. Approximately 50% of pneumonia cases are believed to be caused by viruses and tend to result in less severe illness than bacteria-caused pneumonia. Pneumonia can also be caused by the inhalation of substances into the lungs such as caustic chemicals, food or vomit. This is known as aspiration pneumonia. Although acyclovir-resistant HSV is generally considered less virulent, these cases illustrate the potential importance of infection due to acyclovir-resistant HSV in severely immunocompromised patients.
One patient died 36 months after LTX of an unrelated cause. Use the appropriate antimicrobial for an infection; e.g. When the germs that cause pneumonia reach your lungs, the lungs’ air sacs (alveoli) become inflamed and fill up with fluid. “DO NOT” give aspirin to children. Copyright Information A.D.A.M., Inc. Walking pneumonia: Walking pneumonia, also known as Mycoplasma pneumonia, is treated with antibiotics, such as those for bacterial pneumonias. Pneumococcal pneumonia gives the common symptoms described above, such as the cough, fever and pain on the side of the affected lung.
Streaks of blood may be seen in the phlegm. The name comes from an epidemic in 1976, when 29 American Legion members all mysteriously died after staying at the same hotel. It spreads through water and can contaminate air-conditioning systems, which results in outbreaks of the disease. The infection begins with aches and pains, fever and headache, followed by a cough that eventually produces phlegm. In most severe cases, the patient may experience shaking/chills, chattering teeth, severe chest pains, sweats, cough that produces rust colored or greenish mucus, increased breathing and pulse rate, and bluish colored lips or nails due to a lack of oxygen. The antibiotic used for subsequent therapy is guided by the results of cultured specimens taken on presentation. Viral infections.
Sharples LD, McNeil K, Stewart S, Wallwork J. However, pneumonia can be life-threatening if it is not properly treated. However, the ‘type b’ strain of the bacterium can cause severe illness such as meningitis and epiglottitis. When pneumonia is caused by bacteria, an infected individual usually becomes sick relatively quickly and experiences the sudden onset of high fever and unusually rapid breathing. People with chronic illnesses such as chronic heart disease are also recommended to have this vaccination. The diagnosis is often obvious to a doctor from the symptoms. In extreme cases, the individual has a desperate need for air and extreme breathlessness.
A chest X-ray may be carried out to confirm the diagnosis, but it may not show anything at all (relatively common in mycoplasmal pneumonia). The doctor may also perform blood tests to confirm an infection is present. The best test is to take some phlegm, examine it under the microscope and try to cultivate the organism that is causing the infection. This helps establish which antibiotic the bacterium is susceptible to. ^ Boucher, HW, Talbot GH, Bradley JS, Edwards JE, Gilvert D, Rice LB, Schedul M., Spellberg B., Bartlett J. It is important, obviously, to avoid any of the risk factors such as smoking and excessive alcohol. People who have had major surgery are shown how to do deep-breathing exercises and may be given physiotherapy to help clear mucous.
Most viral pneumonias are not treated with drugs that kill the virus: your body’s immune system will usually do the job. However, in some cases of chickenpox and herpes an antiviral drug may be used early in the course of the disease. The outcome of pneumonia depends on the type of infection and its severity as well as on the age and general health of the patient. Generally, however, the use of antibiotics has improved the outcome greatly.