Syncytiotrophoblast Is a Barrier to Maternal-Fetal Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus

Syncytiotrophoblast Is a Barrier to Maternal-Fetal Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus

Medscape Continuing Medical Education online Medscape, LLC is pleased to provide online continuing medical education (CME) for this journal article, allowing clinicians the opportunity to earn CME credit. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) are two of the more common severe infectious agents of the fetal and newborn periods. CMV, HSV-1, and HSV-2 were detected in isolation or with bacteria in first- and second-trimester samples. Hutto. Neonatal herpes simplex virus infections. To receive credit, please complete the post-test. The reasons for these widely variable clinical presentations are not completely understood, but likely relate to developmental differences in immune responses.This review summarizes recent human and animal studies of the immunologic response of the fetus and newborn to these two infections, in comparison to the responses of older children and adults.

Prenatal bacterial and viral infections—in particular, upper genital-tract bacterial infections, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2 [1, 2]—have been associated with pregnancy complications such as preterm birth and low birth weight [2–6]. Benedetti, R. Ashley, S. Describe the diagnostic test of choice for detecting herpes simplex virus encephalitis. Selke, S. The placenta is pivotal in CMV transmission to the fetus, as has been suggested by the unusual anatomy of the maternal-fetal interface (figure 1) [17, 18]. A.

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