The FVCRP Vaccination for Your Cat

The FVCRP Vaccination for Your Cat

I suspect this is a question every veterinarian is asked at least once a day and I also suspect there are many cat families with this question in their minds as well. Vaccinating your cat has long been one of the best ways to protect your cat against illness. Cats can have their first vaccine at 9 weeks, with the second one 3-4 weeks later. Together with the Rhinotracheitis virus (discussed below), Calici accounts for about 90% of the upper respiratory (cold-like) disease in cats. Contains one additional strain of calicivirus. Signs include high temperature, loss of appetite, depression, vomiting and diarrhoea. As FVR progresses, anorexia, depression, tracheitis, and bronchitis may be observed.

There is no treatment or cure for FIV. Fortunately, the death rate is low except in young kittens, but the disease is distressing and may persist for several weeks. Other vaccines are given based on a cat’s lifestyle. It is for these reasons that the cat should be vaccinated in order to protect itself and other cats from infection. If your cat is to stay in a cattery, they will require a certificate of vaccination to show your cat has an up to date vaccination history, which we will issue at vaccination. Rabies is always fatal and represents a significant risk to people as well as other animals. As mentioned before, Rhinotracheitis and Calici account for about 90% of cases of feline respiratory tract disease.
The FVCRP Vaccination for Your Cat

The Rhinotracheitis virus is in the Herpes family of viruses. Although the Herpes viruses also include the viruses that cause “cold sores” and genital herpes in humans, feline herpes virus is not infectious for people. It is important to remember that these infections are usually mild and self-limiting. In cats over sixteen to eighteen weeks, the vaccine is administered once and boostered the following year and every three years thereafter. It is a 3-part combination vaccine which covers “Feline Distemper” also known as Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis also known as Feline Herpesvirus, and Calicivirus. Severe infections can sometimes result in pneumonia and death. The duration and character of the immune response to the viral antigens of Felocell were determined in a multi-center serology study involving 40 small animal veterinary clinics located in the United States (38) and Canada (2).

As a consequence, these tumours were first called feline “vaccine-associated sarcomas”. If a pregnant cat contracts Rhinotracheitis virus (Feline Herpes Virus), the infection can be transmitted to the unborn kittens in the womb and can result in miscarriages or still births. My Answer Is… You might have guessed my answer to the question, “Should you vaccinate your indoor cat?” is yes. The kitten shot series typically begins at 8 to 10 weeks of age and will be administered in three or four week intervals until a cat reaches 16 weeks of age. signs produced by infection with Panleukopenia are similar to Parvo in dogs. In fact, it is thought that the parvo virus of dogs originally formed as a mutation of the Panleukopenia virus although neither virus is capable of infecting the other species (Panleukopenia can’t infect dogs nor can Parvo infect cats). Felocell 4 (item 72699) by Pfizer Animal Health.

The clinical signs of Panleukopenia are similar to parvo in dogs and these are severe vomiting and diarrhea (often with blood in it), dehydration, lethargy, lack of appetite, shock and often death (especially in untreated cases). This product has been shown to be efficacious in healthy animals. As with Parvo virus in dogs, the Panleukopenia virus can exist for long periods of time (1-2 years) in an infectious stage after being shed by an affected cat. Because of this your cat does not need direct contact with another cat to be exposed to Panleukopenia. At Sun Lakes Animal Clinic we recommend an initial vaccination at 6 weeks of age followed by a booster vaccination at 9 weeks (along with Felv test and first Felv vaccination at that time).

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