A $459,147 grant will support a research project focusing on elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV). (703-710). Malee showed faint signs of illness late Sept. To begin to address these issues, we developed real-time PCR assays for EEHV2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Three strains of EEHV5 analyzed clustered into two partially chimeric subgroups EEHV5A and EEHV5B that diverge by 19% within three small non-contiguous segments totalling 6.2-kb. Similarly, a euthanized USA elephant proved to harbor multiple EEHV types distributed non-uniformly across four small lung nodules, including high levels of EEHV6, lower levels of EEHV3 and EEHV2, and a new GC-rich branch type EEHV7. The injured bull with two arrow wounds was immobilized using 18 mgs of etorphine.
Endocrine lab scientists measure steroid hormone metabolites excreted in urine and feces in order to document reproductive cycles and the timing of ovulation. The suspected arrow wound on the right rear leg and hip were cleaned using water mixed with hydrogen peroxide and later doused with tincture of iodine. Oklahoma City Zoo’s elephant herd has been actively contributing regular blood samples to this research effort. (c) Set of 10 examples of the combined EEHV1 U45.7(ORF-J) plus U46(ORF-N) gene DNA locus mapping within CD-II (1A [753 bp], 1B [700 bp], and 2 [780 bp]). I would go to the Smithsonian to get some molecular biology training and then fly to Nepal, live for 4 weeks in Chitwan National Park, and check elephants for EEHV; thus saving the baby elephants!!! Thank you, Speedwell Foundation! A case of young snared elephant bull was reported in the reserve.
Though the stages of that procedure have been demonstrated effectively in chickens, no one has carried out the whole process with a wildlife species. Lock, R. The facility includes living space covered in substrates that are gentle on the elephants’ feet, such as sand, rubber and dirt. Injections of long acting antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs were made. Prognosis is good. The challenge we will face the next two days will be to take what we have learned about EEHV in North America, and the testing and treatment protocols we have developed at the Houston Zoo, and see how we can apply this all to the various situations across Asia, where an elephant’s blood sample may travel for three days at room temperature before it can make it to a lab, and where electricity to keep refrigerators working is not always reliable. Reported Associated Press writer Lush, “Another reason for the decision, company President Kenneth Feld said, was that certain cities and counties have passed ‘anti-circus’ and ‘anti-elephant’ ordinances.
There are also several fundraisers held throughout the year to benefit elephant conservation. African swine fever surveillance in warthogs in Tsavo east. African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and warthogs caused by ASF virus. Surveillance on African Swine fever (ASF) was carried out in warthogs at Tsavo East NP. This is a collaborative study between KWS, KEMRI and ILRI. The objective is to establish the molecular epidemiology of ASF in free ranging warthogs of Tsavo conservation area. The warthogs were captured using a capture net after being driven by a vehicle, held down physically and sampled.
Without treatment, afflicted elephants that have reached this stage of disease usually die very fast, in several cases within 24 hours. But the automated results will mean little, unless the team has already determined what typical looks like for that particular species. The number of animal species found positive for a specific virus, ranged from 0-16. Examination and euthanasia of an injured elephant bull along the railway line near maungu, Tsavo east, 20th June. An elephant bull reportedly hit by a train was visited and found lying next to the railway line unable to stand up and struggling with great pain. “Six elephants died on the spot, but thankfully the villagers chased away the rest,” he said. The leg was examined and found to have complete fracture of femur and had a poor chances of healing.
The elephant was euthanized and tusks removed and handed over to the security teams in the area. MedImmune was relatively small when Richman arrived in 2002. Treatment of an injured elephant in Lualenyi ranch, 25th June An elephant bull reported lame between Kutima and lualenyi ranch was visited and found struggling to walk near a water hole. Studies include identifying the status of EEHV in individual elephants and their potential for further transmission, and identify predisposing factors that make specific elephants more susceptible to the disease and identifying effective treatments. However, this usually requires access to highly purified viral DNA prepared from extracellular virions grown in cell culture, and even next-generation sequencing approaches are limited to certain high-quality samples. The left hind limb that appeared lame was examined and diagnosed to have a sprain at the knee joint making movement a painful experience. Publication of the Gajah the Journal of the Asian Elephant Specialist Group Gajah is the Journal of the IUCN/Asian Elephant Specialist Group.
To learn more, visit www.aza.org. Autopsy of a lioness carcass found dead within Rhino range, Tsavo east, 26th June. A thin lioness spotted near a water hole near sobo area of Tsavo east national park was visited and found already dead. The carcass was taken to the vet labs in voi and an autopsy carried out. (2015) ‘Detection of Bovine Leukaemia Virus Antibodies and Proviral DNA in Colostrum Replacers’. Internal injuries with haemorrhages pointed to possible elephant attack and starvation due to old age. Tissue, tick and internal parasite samples were taken and preserved for further analysis.
Treatment of an elephant bull with an arrow wound and repeat treatment of another bull near Dakota, Tsavo east, 27th June. Dakota and Satao areas in southern Tsavo east are areas inhabited by elephant bulls with huge tusks. He’s gotten e-mails from her at 3 or 4 in the morning. The elephant bull was immobilized using 18 mgs of etorphine and had to be rolled over after it fell on the injured flank. A huge gaping hole on the left abdomen was cleaned using water mixed with hydrogen peroxide and a final coat of iodine splashed. Painkillers and antibiotics were also injected. Reversal was done using diprenorphine at 3 times the etorphine dose.
Prognosis given was good. Continuation of Elephant herpes virus surveillance (EEHV) in Tsavo conservation area. Elephant endotheliotrophic herpes virus surveillance continued after it was started last year with interesting initial results. The virus is known to cause disease in Asian elephants but minimal self limiting infection in African species. The surveillance targeted elephants with nodular growths in their trunks. Tissue and blood samples were collected for lab analysis. A few zebras and grants gazelle were also sampled for antigenic comparison.
A total of 21 samples were taken. Treatment of an elephant bull with an arrow injury near Bachuma water hole, Tsavo east, 28th June. An elephant bull was reported by tourists near Bachuma water hole with an arrow head protruding by the body side. He was swiftly spotted and immobilized using 18 mgs of etorphine propelled from a dan inject dart system. A sharp arrow head was pulled out of the right abdominal side, wounds cleaned with hydrogen peroxide/water mixture, iodine applied and covered in green clay. Long acting antibiotics and dexamethasone was also injected. Other cases of concern Cases of Elephant calf and adult deaths were witnessed in Shimba hills which were supposedly caused by natural and poaching attempts respectively.
Treatment and rescue of a snared elephant calf in Olbili area of Chyulu hills, 29th June. An elephant calf spotted in great pain with a possible leg fracture was reported to be harassing residents near olbili village on the western slope of Chyulu hills. The vet was flown in and found the three elephants still in the area. The mother was first to be immobilized with 16 mgs of etorphine as it was aggressive. The badly lame calf was immobilized using 4 mgs of etorphine. A deep snare had cut the right front limb near the fetlock joint to the bone. The snare was cut loose and the septic wound washed and iodine applied.
Dexamethasone and long acting amoxicillin was injected. A difficult management issue for EEHV disease is the short time-frame between appearance of clinical signs and death. The cow woke up and ran away leaving the calf behind, several attempts were made to reunite the two in vain. The mother disappeared towards Chyulu hills. The calf was sedated using azaperone 60 mgs and transported to Voi elephant orphanage where it found a new home.