Trends in seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites aged 14 to 49 years–United States, 1988 …

Trends in seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites aged 14 to 49 years--United States, 1988 ...

Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) is associated with a variety of diseases such as genital herpes and numerous ocular diseases. From these survey data, the authors estimated the incidence of HSV-2 infection in the civilian, noninstitutionalized population aged ≥12 years by means of a mathematical model that allowed overall incidence to increase linearly with time but required the shape of the age-specific incidence curve to remain constant. -Overall prevalence by the time people reach their forties is 26. Herpes is an incurable virus that affects the genitals and the mouth. Race/Ethnicity was defined by self-report as non-Hispanic white or non-Hispanic black. While HSV uses a wide repertoire of viral and host factors in establishing infection, current therapeutics aimed against the virus are not as diversified. Thus, by 1985, approximately 1,640,000±150,000 persons (730,000 men and 910,000 women) were being infected annually with HSV-2.
Trends in seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites aged 14 to 49 years--United States, 1988 ...

While most herpes infections do not cause serious complications, infections in infants and in people with weakened immune systems, or herpes infections that affect the eyes, can be life threatening. Percentage of people with herpes drops. Among non-Hispanic white females, HSV-2 seroprevalence decreased from 19.5% (1988-1994) to 15.3% (2007-2010; P < 0.001); HSV-2 seroprevalence remained stable among non-Hispanic black females, 52.5% (1988-1994) to 49.9% (2007-2010; P = 0.1). The female black/white prevalence ratio was 2.7 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.4-3.0) in 1988 to 1994 increasing to 3.3 (95% CI, 2.9-3.7) in 2007 to 2010 (P = 0.01). Since the early 1970s, public awareness and concern about genital herpes have increased considerably, in part because of the impression that the burden of HSV-2-related disease has been rising (12). Oral herpes (such as cold sores or fever blisters on or around the mouth) is usually caused by HSV-1. However, due of the personal nature of the disease, I think even those staggering statistic are low. These persistent disparities demonstrate the need for innovative prevention strategies among this at-risk population.

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