Understanding Laboratory Tests

Understanding Laboratory Tests

Thank you so much Grace, we are so blssed here to have you who is so kind so share with us so much precious information… What is the normal range of each part of my Blood test? Chlamydia and Gonorrhea have similar symptoms such as discharge and painful urination. Because they are alike, both tests are available in the ANY LAB TEST NOW Comprehensive STD Panel. If you’ve had unprotected sex (vaginal, anal or oral) with someone that has Chlamydia, you should get tested. Get tested today. A normal range for CD4 cells is between 600 and 1,500.

Usually, when a person with low CD4 cells starts HIV medicines, the CD4 cell count increases as the HIV virus is controlled. Most but not all people will experience an increase in CD4 cell with effective HIV treatment. Blood tests, including various Blood chemistry and hematology ‘Blood tests’ offered by most test labs, represent an economical way by which quality information about a patient’s physical condition, at the time of the Blood testing, can be made available to the physician. CD8 cells (also known as CD8+ T cells) are another type of white blood cell that seek out and destroy cells infected with viruses, including HIV-infected cells. Viral load tests measure the amount of HIV in the blood. Lower levels are better than higher levels. The main goal of HIV drugs is to reduce viral load as much as possible for as long as possible, and for most patients, the goal of HIV treatment is an HIV viral low that is “undetectable,” meaning that the HIV RNA is below the detection limit of the test.

The lower limit of HIV RNA detection depends on the test used, some go down to 75 copies/ml, while other go as low as 20. High levels–from 30,000 (in women) to 60,000 (in men) and above–are linked to faster disease progression. Unlike many other infection where treatment can lead to a cure, we know that with current HIV treatment, even if HIV levels are undectable, the HIV is still in the body and will rebound to detectable if the HIV medicines are stopped. Many different Blood tests are used commonly in many specialties and in general practice. These changes can lead to different HIV strains, particularly if the person is taking HIV medicines but the HIV virus is not completely controlled or suppressed. If a strain that is resistant to your HIV drugs develops, the virus will be able to grow even though you are on medication. Your viral load will start to rise.

Understanding Laboratory Tests
The resistant virus soon will become the most common strain in your body. A person can be infected with a drug resistance strain of HIV even if they have never taken HIV medicines. For this reason, an HIV resistance test is recommended for all HIV infected people as soon as they are diagnosed. Red blood cells carry oxygen to other cells in your body. From this Blood testing the medical professional then prescribes therapies and remedies, based on those Blood tests. Anemia can lead to fatigue. Tests looking at your red blood cells include red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit.

Platelets help with clotting, so if your platelets fall too low, your blood may not clot well. You may bleed more than usual, for example, when you brush your teeth or shave your skin. As the platelet count falls, the chance of internal bleeding rises. White blood cells come in many types, and all are involved in your immune system’s effort to keep you healthy. High white blood cell counts may indicate that you are fighting an infection. In order for screening tests to be the most useful they must be readily available, accurate, inexpensive, pose little risk, and cause little discomfort to the patient. These tests are usually done every 6 to 12 months, unless your lab values are fluctuating a lot, or you have symptoms of infections associated with HIV disease.

Then the tests are done more often, every 3 to 6 months. Electrolyte tests (sometimes called “lytes”) and kidney function–These tests help measure how well your kidneys are working, and measure the balance of fluids, acids, and sugar in your body. They include tests for sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and glucose. Liver function tests (LFTs)–These tests measure whether your liver is being damaged. (Things that can damage the liver are viral hepatitis, alcohol, medications, and street drugs.) These tests measure alkaline phosphatase, ALT, AST, albumin, and bilirubin. It is important to have a baseline measure of your liver health, because you may need to take HIV medications in the future, and some of these medications can cause liver damage. Blood samples taken for Blood testing can be taken either from an artery.

Neither of these tests can tell the difference between exposure to TB (a person is not sick with TB) and active TB (where a person is sick with TB). If a person has been exposed to TB, treatment can reduce the risk of becoming sick with TB in the future. The bacteria that cause these diseases can be found in the throat, penis, vagina, and rectum. The bacteria that cause syphilis are also found in the blood. Having one of these other diseases can make your HIV advance faster. They can also make you 2 to 5 times more likely to pass HIV along to a sexual partner. Syphilis, for example, can cause open sores on your genitals, which allows easy passage of HIV from you to your partner.

The area is then re-cleaned and pressure is placed on the area with a small ball of cotton. The three most common types of viral hepatitis (A, B, and C) can damage your liver. If you have both HIV and hepatitis B or C, your treatments for either disease can be affected. If you have HIV, your hepatitis may progress faster. If your liver is damaged from hepatitis, it may be harder for your body to process your HIV medications.

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