Urine Infections – what are they and how are they treated?

Urine Infections - what are they and how are they treated?

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common type of infection caused by bacteria (most often E. coli) that travel up the urethra to the bladder. A bladder infection is called cystitis. If bacterial infection spreads to the kidneys and ureters, the condition is called pyelonephritis. Each year approximately 5% of women present to their GP with frequency and dysuria (Prodigy). Amoxicillin is not active against many bacteria that commonly cause UTI, and generally not a recommended treatment. Drinking lots of fluids also helps by flushing out the bacteria.

Hmm… Then wash the vagina area four times from front to back, using clean soapy sponge each time. – Urinate before and after sex. It can even cause prostate infections in men. Pregnancy does not increase the risk of getting a UTI, but it can increase the risk of developing a serious infection that could potentially harm the mother and fetus. Some women get a bladder infection almost every time they have sex. Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs.
Urine Infections - what are they and how are they treated?

Cystitis in Men Cystitis is a common occurrence in women, but it is less common and a potentially more serious condition for men. The infection can recur through re-infection and relapse. Re-infection means that different types of bacteria have taken up space. Topical hygiene products, particularly in women, are associated with dysuria, especially cystitis. Relapsing is when the treatment failed to work, so the initial bacteria will return. A recent policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and a review of research studies in the Journal of Urology, indicate that boys who are circumcised are far less likely to get UTIs during their first year of life than uncircumcised boys. While noting the many potential health benefits of male circumcision (including reduced risks for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases), the AAP recommends that the decision to circumcise should be left to parents, in consultation with their child’s doctor.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a condition in which one or more parts of the urinary system (the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra) become infected. UTIs are the most common of all bacterial infections and can occur at any time in the life of an individual. Women can be treated empirically. During your period, change your pads and tampons regularly. Antibiotics and other medications are used as a treatment. Try wearing cotton underwear. Typically the test result is considered positive where a single type of bacteria is present and growing at a high colony count.

Avoid feminine hygiene products as they can irritate the urethra. Drink lots of water because this will keep your bladder active (by causing frequent visits to the bathroom) and lessen your chance of infection. The bladder stores the urine. When it does happen, it’s often related to another underlying medical condition, such as a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate. In women, it leads directly out.

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