Your life isn’t over and god will bring someone into your life who will accept your situation. At last count, there were approximately 650 macroalgal species found in waters of the Pacific Northwest (Scagel et al. S. In particular, sea cucumber meals have been offered on numerous special occasions, especially New Year celebrations. Tension continues between practitioners of IM and biomedical medicine, centered on different training, philosophies, and a healthcare system rooted in and that favors the biomedical model. The former name was Eucheuma spinosum and spinosum is still used as commercial and trade name (Doty et al., 1987). share these experiences and information.
What is it about seaweed that elevates it from simple fish food? Pass it on: Viruses can specifically target tumor cells when delivered through the bloodstream. Treatment of confluent mouse embryo fibroblast cell monolayers with either compound before viral inoculation was effective in inhibiting the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2, vaccinia virus, and vesicular stomatitis virus, but not encephalomyocarditis virus, Semiliki Forest virus, or murine cytomegalovirus. 9. Was that the cause of the family’s high renin levels? Oxygenated steroids of algae have been shown to exhibit cytotoxic properties (3-8). The mechanism of action can be attributed to an inhibitory effect on the initial attachment of the virus to the host cells, and is thought to be mediated by interactions of sulfated polysaccharides with positively charged domains of the viral envelope glycoproteins involved in the attachment of the virus to heparan sulfate proteoglycans on the surface of the host cells (Damonte et al., 2004; Duarte et al., 2001; Neyts et al., 1992; Witvrouw and De Clercq, 1997).
subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, S. Recently, an antitumor active agar-type polysaccharide of Gracilaria dominguensis has been isolated and characterized  . Jones, Matthew Lebar, Umesh K. Jinwal, Jose F. Abisambra, John Koren III, Laura Blair, John C. Schinoussa white algae have immune, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties. However, to date, Undaria ingestion has not been clinically assessed in a western population for its effects on common coated viruses such as HSV-1 and 2 which have reduced incidence in the Japanese population [3, 4].
Eckman, Bill J. Anti-viral treatment may be required. 2000). Jones and R. Chinese studies reveal that sea cucumbers also contain saponin glycosides. Nat. Antibiotic susceptibility testing: This antimicrobial susceptibility testing was determined by the disc diffusion method following the method recommended by the Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (formerly known as NCCLS) (CLSI, 2005).
Philip Bucolo, Charles D. Exposure to environmental toxins, including lead, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and possibly bisphenol A (an industrial chemical found in some plastics and epoxy resins) may also contribute to the condition, as can excessive exposure to radiation from x-rays. McClintock and Bill J. Baker. Palatability of the Antarctic rhodophyte Palmaria decipiens (Reinsch) R.W. To date, according to the May 20, 2009 article, there is no vaccine, but several drug companies, including Sanofi-Aventis, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline PLC and Vical, are working on it. Susceptibility test was determined by disc diffusion method (12- 14).
rugosum; female gametophytes of G. aureus, E. The results showed that the ethyl acetate extract of G. Jill P. Zamzow, Craig F. Aumack, Charles D. Amsler, James B.
McClintock, and Bill J. Baker. Gut contents and stable isotope analyses of the Antarctic fish, Notothenia coriiceps Richardson, from two macroalgal communities. There are many freshwater green algae, but some classes of greens are exclusively marine (e.g. F. M. van Soest and Bill J.
denticulatum and serial two-fold dilutions was made. A new carnivorous shallow-water sponge from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica (Porifera, Poecilosclerida). Other studies by the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina discovered another variety of red marine algae (Nothogenia fastigiata), with antiviral activity against four different strains of HSV-1. Biodiversity, in press. Matthew D. Lebar, Lisha Luttenton, James B. Swiss drug giant Roche Holding manufactures an antiviral drug called Valcyte to prevent CMV infections in transplant patients.
A disruption of the cell monolayer, e.g. The SEC-MALLS system consisted of a Waters 2690 Alliance separation module, a Waters 490E programmable multi-wavelength detector set at 280 nm, a DAWN-EOS multi-angle laser light scattering detector with a laser at 690 nm (Wyatt Technology Corp., Santa Barbara, CA) and a Waters 2410 refractive index monitor. Águila-Ramírez et al. Where as the lesser polarity (ethyl acetate) extracts showed moderate activity. Craig F. Aumack, Charles D. Amsler, James B.
McClintock and Bill J. Baker. Impacts of mesograzers on epiphyte and endophyte growth associated with chemically defended macroalgae along the Western Antarctic Peninsula. J. This is an interesting genus because the cells of Codium are ‘coenocytic’, meaning that they lack cross-walls in their cells. Chemical defense in tropical marine algae. McClintock, Charles D.
Amsler and Bill J. 7) and K. Overview of the chemical ecology of benthic marine invertebrates along the Western Antarctic Peninsula. A test of 306 species of marine algae at Saga University in Karatsu, Japan, found forty-seven varieties that demonstrated strong anti-tumor activity. Comp. Biol. 2010, 50, 967-980.
See one of several videos on the anti-viral properties of coconut oil from which monolaurin is made. n-hexane extract exhibits inhibitory activity only against Escherichia coli and Ethanol: Water (1:1) extract, thus it is ineffective against all the tested organisms. The virus was allowed to adsorb for 1 h at 37°C then extract dilutions were added again to each well and the infected monolayers incubated for 3 days. wightii were more active than C. Chem. Acta 2010, 93, 1933-1944. Matt D.
Lebar and Bill J. Baker. Synthesis and structure reassessment of psammopemmin A. Aust. J. muticum, which is an introduced species, reportedly entering British Columbia prior to 1940 as a byproduct of importing oyster spat from its native country of Japan (Scagel 1956). Press, New York: 121–145.
J. Alan Maschek, Cindy Bucher, Alberto van Olphen, Charles D. The inhibitory activities of both extracts were indicated both in MRSA and non-MRSA isolates tested. McClintock and Bill J. Health benefits: Used to treat hypothyroidism. The pursuit of potent anti-influenza activity from the Antarctic red marine alga Gigartina skottsbergii. In: The Biological Activity of Phytochemicals, Recent Adv.
Phytochem. Vol 41, Gang, D. R., ed., Springer, 2011, in press. This dilution essentially eliminated the potential effect of the remaining extract on subsequent binding events. aeruginosa. Amsler, James B. McClintock and Bill J.
Baker. Palmadorins A-C, sesquiterpene glycerides from the Antarctic nudibranch Austrodoris kerguelenensis. J. Nat. Prod. 2010, 73, 416-421. This range of colors arises from varying amounts of accessory pigments like phycoerythrin (which leads to a red color), phycocyanin (bluish coloration), as well as violoxanthin and beta-carotene.
Lebar and Bill J. Baker. Synthesis of the C3-14 fragment of palmerolide A using a chiral pool based strategy. aeruginosa limits the penetration of both extracts. Jill P. How it’s used: Primarily in soups. Amsler, James B.
McClintock and Bill J. Baker. Habitat choice and predator avoidance by Antarctic amphipods: the roles of algal chemistry and morphology. Mar. rugosum also exhibited good antiviral activity and were also more effective against the MS strain of HSV-2 than the E-377 strain of HSV-1. Osman et al. Ser.
2010, 400, 155-163. Kevin J. Peters, Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker. Potential chemical defenses of Antarctic sponges against sympatric microorganisms.
It also grows in the lower intertidal, although you can usually find blades washed up on the beach after a storm. 2010, 33, 649-658. Craig F. Aumack, Charles D. Since, the inhibitory effect of E. McClintock and Bill J. Baker.
Chemically mediated resistance to mesoherbivory in finely branched macroalgae along the western Antarctic Peninsula. Euro. J. Phycol. 2010, 45, 19-26. A set of experiments was also conducted to examine the effect of some of the polysaccharides on the penetration of the virus by methods described previously (Wachsman et al., 2003). bicyclis) than from the red alga P.
Amsler, James B. McClintock, Charles D. Amsler, Jason A. Perman, Maya P. Singh, William M. Maiese, Michael J. Zaworotko, Dennis E.
Kyle and Bill J. This group incorporates calcium carbonate into its cell walls, resulting in a very hard skeleton. Norselic acids A-E, highly oxidized anti-infective steroids that deter mesograzer predation, from the Antarctic sponge Crella sp. J. Nat. Prod. 2009, 72, 1842-1846.
Gil Koplovitz, James B. McClintock, Charles D. Amsler and Bill J. Baker. Palatability and chemical anti-predatory defenses in common ascidians from the Antarctic peninsula. Aquatic Biol. Variation in the efficacy of the samples was observed, indicating that structural variations between the extracts from different species and, in the case of G.
aeruginosa and E. Amsler, James B. McClintock, Charles D. Amsler, Robert A. Angus and Bill J. Baker. An evaluation of sponge-associated amphipods from the Antarctic Peninsula.
Antarctic Sci. 2009, 21, 579-589. 3: vi + 535 pp. McClintock, Margaret O. Amsler, Gil Koplovitz, Charles D. Amsler and Bill J. Baker.
Observations on an Association between the dexaminid amphipod Polycheria antarctica F. acanthopoda and its ascidian host Distaplia cylindrica. J. Crustacean Biol. 2009, 29, 605-608. Kevin J. Peters, Charles D.
Similar results have been reported for many polysaccharides isolated from other species of marine algae. Nogueira et al. M. van Soest, Bill J. Baker. Palatability and chemical defenses of sponges from the western Antarctic Peninsula. Mar.
Ecol. Prog. Ser. Gabrielson PW, Widdowson TB, Lindstrom SC, Hawkes MW, and Scagel, RF (2000) Keys to the Benthic Marine Algae and Seagrasses of British Columbia, Southeast Alaska, Washington and Oregon.